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A Multiscale Review of Behavioral Variation in Collective Foraging Behavior in Honey Bees

1
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
2
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(11), 370; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10110370
Received: 18 September 2019 / Revised: 18 October 2019 / Accepted: 21 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior)
The emergence of collective behavior from local interactions is a widespread phenomenon in social groups. Previous models of collective behavior have largely overlooked the impact of variation among individuals within the group on collective dynamics. Honey bees (Apis mellifera) provide an excellent model system for exploring the role of individual differences in collective behavior due to their high levels of individual variation and experimental tractability. In this review, we explore the causes and consequences of individual variation in behavior for honey bee foraging across multiple scales of organization. We summarize what is currently known about the genetic, developmental, and neurophysiological causes of individual differences in learning and memory among honey bees, as well as the consequences of this variation for collective foraging behavior and colony fitness. We conclude with suggesting promising future directions for exploration of the genetic and physiological underpinnings of individual differences in behavior in this model system. View Full-Text
Keywords: Apis mellifera; collective behavior; foraging; honey bees; individual variation; learning Apis mellifera; collective behavior; foraging; honey bees; individual variation; learning
MDPI and ACS Style

Lemanski, N.J.; Cook, C.N.; Smith, B.H.; Pinter-Wollman, N. A Multiscale Review of Behavioral Variation in Collective Foraging Behavior in Honey Bees. Insects 2019, 10, 370.

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