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Spatial Vision and Visually Guided Behavior in Apidae

by Almut Kelber 1,* and Hema Somanathan 2,*
1
Lund Vision Group, Department of Biology, Lund University, Sölvegatan 35, 22362 Lund, Sweden
2
IISER TVM Centre for Research and Education in Ecology and Evolution (ICREEE), School of Biology, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Maruthamala PO, Vithura, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695551, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2019, 10(12), 418; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10120418
Received: 14 September 2019 / Revised: 5 November 2019 / Accepted: 21 November 2019 / Published: 22 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior)
The family Apidae, which is amongst the largest bee families, are important pollinators globally and have been well studied for their visual adaptations and visually guided behaviors. This review is a synthesis of what is known about their eyes and visual capabilities. There are many species-specific differences, however, the relationship between body size, eye size, resolution, and sensitivity shows common patterns. Salient differences between castes and sexes are evident in important visually guided behaviors such as nest defense and mate search. We highlight that Apis mellifera and Bombus terrestris are popular bee models employed in the majority of studies that have contributed immensely to our understanding vision in bees. However, other species, specifically the tropical and many non-social Apidae, merit further investigation for a better understanding of the influence of ecological conditions on the evolution of bee vision. View Full-Text
Keywords: honeybees; stingless bees; carpenter bees; social bees; solitary bees; foraging; mating; visual ecology honeybees; stingless bees; carpenter bees; social bees; solitary bees; foraging; mating; visual ecology
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Kelber, A.; Somanathan, H. Spatial Vision and Visually Guided Behavior in Apidae. Insects 2019, 10, 418.

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