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Article

Quantitative Evaluation of the Movement Distance of Deep Fascia and Change of Muscle Shape Related to Chain Response in Fascia Tissue of Lower Limb

1
EzoReha Co., Ltd., Nishi-ku, Sapporo 01107, Japan
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Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Rehabilitation Science, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Tobetsu-cho, Ishikari-gun 01303, Japan
3
Department of Physical Therapy, Health Science University Hospital, Kita-ku, Sapporo 01102, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carla Stecco
Life 2021, 11(7), 688; https://doi.org/10.3390/life11070688
Received: 30 May 2021 / Revised: 6 July 2021 / Accepted: 8 July 2021 / Published: 14 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fasciae from a Molecular and Biomechanical Perspective)
By using ultrasonography, we measured the longitudinal movement distance of the deep fascia (LMDDF), change of the pennation angle (PA) and muscle thickness (MT) in both the tensor fasciae latae muscle (TFL) and the gluteus medius muscle (G-Med) during passive movement of the toes/ankle joints. 21 right lower limbs of 21 healthy males were evaluated in this study. We measured the LMDDF of the TFL and G-Med by measuring distance between the designated landmark on skin and the intersection of the major deep-fascia (D-fascia) and the fascial bundle. We also measured change of the PA and MT of both muscles. Additionally, we also measured the reliability of the measurement and the measurement error. The measurement was performed during three manual positions on the toes/ankle; manual holding of the toes and ankle joint in neutral, toes flexion and ankle plantar flexion/inversion position, toes extension and ankle extension/valgus position. The existence of muscle contraction of both the muscles during passive motion was monitored by active surface electrodes. This study confirmed mobility of the D-fascia in which the TFL’s D-fascia moves and change of muscle shape in the distal direction during no muscle contraction due to passive movement. This fact suggests the possibility that passive tension on fascia tissue of the ankle extends to the proximal part of the limb, i.e., to the D-fascia of the TFL. View Full-Text
Keywords: tension response of deep fascia; ultrasound imaging; passive movement of toe and ankle joint; TFL; G-med tension response of deep fascia; ultrasound imaging; passive movement of toe and ankle joint; TFL; G-med
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sugawara, K.; Aoki, M.; Yamane, M. Quantitative Evaluation of the Movement Distance of Deep Fascia and Change of Muscle Shape Related to Chain Response in Fascia Tissue of Lower Limb. Life 2021, 11, 688. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11070688

AMA Style

Sugawara K, Aoki M, Yamane M. Quantitative Evaluation of the Movement Distance of Deep Fascia and Change of Muscle Shape Related to Chain Response in Fascia Tissue of Lower Limb. Life. 2021; 11(7):688. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11070688

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sugawara, Kazuyuki, Mitsuhiro Aoki, and Masahiro Yamane. 2021. "Quantitative Evaluation of the Movement Distance of Deep Fascia and Change of Muscle Shape Related to Chain Response in Fascia Tissue of Lower Limb" Life 11, no. 7: 688. https://doi.org/10.3390/life11070688

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