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Review

Fault Detection and Condition Monitoring of PMSGs in Offshore Wind Turbines

1
Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy A/S, 7330 Brande, Denmark
2
CISE—Electromechatronic Systems Research Centre, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilha, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Davide Astolfi
Machines 2021, 9(11), 260; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines9110260
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 20 October 2021 / Accepted: 25 October 2021 / Published: 30 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers to Celebrate the First Impact Factor of Machines)
Research on fault detection (FD) and condition monitoring (CM) of rotating electrical generators for modern wind turbines has addressed a wide variety of technologies. Among these, permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSGs) and the analysis of their electromagnetic signatures in the presence of faults deserve emphasis in this paper. PMSGs are prominent in the offshore wind industry, and methods for FD and CM of PMSGs based on electromagnetic measurements are extensively discussed in academia. This paper is a concise review of FD and CM in wind turbines and PMSGs. Terminology and fundamentals of PMSG’s operation are introduced first, aiming to offer an easy read and good reference to a broad audience of engineers and data scientists. Experience and research challenges with stator winding failures are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: permanent magnet synchronous generator; fault detection; condition monitoring; wind turbine; failure; fault analysis; stator winding; fault-tolerance permanent magnet synchronous generator; fault detection; condition monitoring; wind turbine; failure; fault analysis; stator winding; fault-tolerance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Freire, N.M.A.; Cardoso, A.J.M. Fault Detection and Condition Monitoring of PMSGs in Offshore Wind Turbines. Machines 2021, 9, 260. https://doi.org/10.3390/machines9110260

AMA Style

Freire NMA, Cardoso AJM. Fault Detection and Condition Monitoring of PMSGs in Offshore Wind Turbines. Machines. 2021; 9(11):260. https://doi.org/10.3390/machines9110260

Chicago/Turabian Style

Freire, Nuno M.A., and Antonio J.M. Cardoso. 2021. "Fault Detection and Condition Monitoring of PMSGs in Offshore Wind Turbines" Machines 9, no. 11: 260. https://doi.org/10.3390/machines9110260

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