This paper applies micro textures to the rake face of PCBN (Polycrystalline Cubic Boron Nitride) tools, including three types of micro textures that are microgroove textures vertical to the cutting edge, microgroove textures parallel to the cutting edge, and microhole textures. In this paper, the effects of different cutting speeds on the surface quality of hardened bearing steel GCr15 by dry turning with non-texture PCBN tools and micro-texture PCBN tools are studied, and the surface roughness values obtained by different micro textures were compared and analyzed. The results showed that, compared to that of non-texture tools, the influence degree of the micro-texture tools on the machined surface roughness was different. The microhole texture and vertical microgroove texture were able to effectively reduce the surface roughness of the workpiece, and microhole texture had the best effective influence on surface roughness, but the parallel microgroove texture increased surface roughness. The influence of cutting speeds on surface roughness was different due to different types of micro textures. The influence of micro textures on surface roughness has huge potential for tool applications.
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