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Machines 2018, 6(4), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines6040043

Gas Path Fault and Degradation Modelling in Twin-Shaft Gas Turbines

1
School of Engineering, University of Lincoln, Lincoln LN6 7TS, UK
2
Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery, Lincoln LN5 7DF, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 August 2018 / Revised: 19 September 2018 / Accepted: 20 September 2018 / Published: 1 October 2018

Abstract

In this study, an assessment of degradation and failure modes in the gas-path components of twin-shaft industrial gas turbines (IGTs) has been carried out through a model-based analysis. Measurements from twin-shaft IGTs operated in the field and denoting reduction in engine performance attributed to compressor fouling conditions, hot-end blade turbine damage, and failure in the variable stator guide vane (VSGV) mechanism of the compressor have been considered for the analysis. The measurements were compared with simulated data from a thermodynamic model constructed in a Simulink environment, which predicts the physical parameters (pressure and temperature) across the different stations of the IGT. The model predicts engine health parameters, e.g., component efficiencies and flow capacities, which are not available in the engine field data. The results show that it is possible to simulate the change in physical parameters across the IGT during degradation and failure in the components by varying component efficiencies and flow capacities during IGT simulation. The results also demonstrate that the model can predict the measured field data attributed to failure in the gas-path components of twin-shaft IGTs. The estimated health parameters during degradation or failure in the gas-path components can assist the development of health-index prognostic methods for operational engine performance prediction. View Full-Text
Keywords: gas turbine engine; engine component failure; engine Simulink model gas turbine engine; engine component failure; engine Simulink model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Cruz-Manzo, S.; Panov, V.; Zhang, Y. Gas Path Fault and Degradation Modelling in Twin-Shaft Gas Turbines. Machines 2018, 6, 43.

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