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Review

Removal of Heavy Metals and Metalloids from Water Using Drinking Water Treatment Residuals as Adsorbents: A Review

1
Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH University of Science and Technology, al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
2
Institute of Environmental Engineering, Poznan University of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, ul. Berdychowo 4, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2019, 9(8), 487; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9080487
Received: 18 June 2019 / Revised: 7 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineral Sorbents)
Heavy metal contamination is one of the most important environmental issues. Therefore, appropriate steps need to be taken to reduce heavy metals and metalloids in water to acceptable levels. Several treatment methods have been developed recently to adsorb these pollutants. This paper reviews the ability of residuals generated as a by-product from the water treatment plants to adsorb heavy metals and metalloids from water. Water treatment residuals have great sorption capacities due to their large specific surface area and chemical composition. Sorption capacity is also affected by sorption conditions. A survey of the literature shows that water treatment residuals may be a suitable material for developing an efficient adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals and metalloids from water. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorption; arsenic; pollutants; water treatment sludges adsorption; arsenic; pollutants; water treatment sludges
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wołowiec, M.; Komorowska-Kaufman, M.; Pruss, A.; Rzepa, G.; Bajda, T. Removal of Heavy Metals and Metalloids from Water Using Drinking Water Treatment Residuals as Adsorbents: A Review. Minerals 2019, 9, 487. https://doi.org/10.3390/min9080487

AMA Style

Wołowiec M, Komorowska-Kaufman M, Pruss A, Rzepa G, Bajda T. Removal of Heavy Metals and Metalloids from Water Using Drinking Water Treatment Residuals as Adsorbents: A Review. Minerals. 2019; 9(8):487. https://doi.org/10.3390/min9080487

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wołowiec, Magdalena; Komorowska-Kaufman, Małgorzata; Pruss, Alina; Rzepa, Grzegorz; Bajda, Tomasz. 2019. "Removal of Heavy Metals and Metalloids from Water Using Drinking Water Treatment Residuals as Adsorbents: A Review" Minerals 9, no. 8: 487. https://doi.org/10.3390/min9080487

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