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Geochronology, Oxidization State and Source of the Daocheng Batholith, Yidun Arc: Implications for Regional Metallogenesis

State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
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Minerals 2019, 9(10), 608; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9100608
Received: 14 August 2019 / Revised: 14 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 3 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Mineral Deposits)
The Daocheng batholith consists of granite, granodiorite and K-feldspar megacrystic granite, which is located in the north Yidun Arc. It is a barren batholith in contrast to plutons of the same age that contain major copper deposits, such as Pulang to the south. In the Daocheng, abundant mafic microgranular enclaves (MMEs) mainly developed within granodiorite and K-feldspar megacrystic granite, which are characterized by quenched apatite, quartz eyes and plagioclase phenocrysts. LA-ICP-MS zircon U–Pb dating of host granodiorite yielded ages ranging from 223 Ma to 210 Ma, with a weighted mean of 215.3 ± 1.8 Ma. Zircons from MMEs yielded ages ranging from 218 Ma to 209 Ma, with a weighted mean of 214.2 ± 1.4 Ma. Geochemical analyses show that granodiorite is high-K, calc-alkaline and I-type, with SiO2 contents ranging from 67.90% to 70.54%. These rocks are metaluminous to marginally peraluminous (A/CNK = 0.98–1.00) and moderately rich in alkalis with K2O ranging from 3.28% to 4.59% and Na2O ranging from 3.18% to 3.20%, with low MgO (1.08%–1.29%), Cr (12.7 ppm–16.8 ppm), Ni (5.19 ppm–6.16 ppm) and Mg# (35–49). The MMEs have relatively low SiO2 contents (56.34%–60.91%), higher Al2O3 contents (16.06%–17.98%), higher MgO and FeO abundances and are metaluminous (A/CNK = 0.82–0.83). The MMEs and host granodiorite are enriched in light rare-earth elements (LREEs) relative to heavy rare-earth elements (HREEs), with slightly negative Eu anomalies, and enriched in Th, U and large ion lithophile elements (LILEs; e.g., K, Rb and Pb), and depleted in high field strength elements (HFSEs; e.g., Nb, Ta, P and Ti), showing affinities typical of arc magmas. The zircon εHf(t) values (−6.28 to −2.33) and ancient two-stage Hf model ages of 1.92 to 1.25 Ga, indicating that the magmas are generally melts that incorporated significant portions of Precambrian crust. The relatively low silica contents and high Mg# values of the MMEs, and the linear patterns of MgO, Al2O3 and Fe2O3 with SiO2 between the MMEs and host granodiorite, showing the formation of MMEs are genetically related to magma mixing. The Daocheng granodiorite is characterized by much lower zircon Ce4+/Ce3+ (average of 3.53) and low fO2 value (average of ∆FMQ = –10.84), whereas the ore-bearing quartz monzonite porphyries in the Pulang copper deposit are characterized by much higher zircon Ce4+/Ce3+ (average of 52.10) and high fO2 value (average of ∆FMQ = 2.8), indicating the ore-bearing porphyry intrusions had much higher fO2 of magma than the ore-barren intrusions considering that the high oxygen fugacity of the magma is conducive to mineralization. View Full-Text
Keywords: zircon U–Pb dating; Hf isotope; trace elements of zircons; oxygen fugacity; Daocheng batholith; the Yidun Arc zircon U–Pb dating; Hf isotope; trace elements of zircons; oxygen fugacity; Daocheng batholith; the Yidun Arc
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Zhang, R.-G.; He, W.-Y.; Gao, X. Geochronology, Oxidization State and Source of the Daocheng Batholith, Yidun Arc: Implications for Regional Metallogenesis. Minerals 2019, 9, 608.

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