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Slatecalculation—A Practical Tool for Deriving Norm Minerals in the Lowest-Grade Metamorphic Pelites and Roof Slates
Open AccessArticle

The Relationship between Surface Roughness, Capillarity and Mineral Composition in Roofing Slates

Geology Department, University of Oviedo, C/Jesús Arias de Velasco s/n, Oviedo, 33005 Asturias, Spain
Department of Construction and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Oviedo, 33005 Asturias, Spain
Departament of Architectural, Civil and Aeronautical Buildings and Structures, University of Coruña, 15001 A Coruña, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2020, 10(6), 539;
Received: 21 May 2020 / Revised: 11 June 2020 / Accepted: 13 June 2020 / Published: 15 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Minerals and Other Phases in Constructional Geomaterials)
Roofing slates are a category of building stones which have a very distinctive feature: High fissility, which allows them to be split into tiles that are thin, regular and large. There are several types of roofing slates, depending on their lithology. The four main lithologies are low-grade slates, slates stricto sensu, phyllites, and mica-schist. Occasionally, other rocks such as quartzites, serpentinites, or shales, can also be used as roofing slates. Roofing slates must ensure waterproofing, a quality that depends on both the rock and the installation. Installation must therefore take into account parameters such as the pitch, orientation, and overlap of the tiles in order to avoid capillarity, which could jeopardize waterproofing. These parameters are usually included in installation manuals. However, despite the fact that roughness is a parameter known to have an important effect on capillarity, it has never been thoroughly analyzed. Roughness varies depending on the type of roofing slate, but installation manuals do not take this factor into account. This study has measured surface roughness in different types of roofing slates using a laser scanner and determined the capillarity values along and across the grain direction. Furthermore, the role of dissolved salts in capillarity has likewise been studied. View Full-Text
Keywords: roofing slate; capillarity; salts; roof installation; surface roughness roofing slate; capillarity; salts; roof installation; surface roughness
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Cardenes, V.; García, A.; Rodríguez, E.; Hernández Battez, A.; López-Piñeiro, S.; Ruiz de Argandoña, V.G.; Rubio-Ordoñez, Á. The Relationship between Surface Roughness, Capillarity and Mineral Composition in Roofing Slates. Minerals 2020, 10, 539.

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