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Article

Ankle-Brachial Index Is a Good Determinant of Lower Limb Muscular Strength but Not of the Gait Pattern in PAD Patients

1
Department of Physiotherapy, Wroclaw University of Health and Sport Sciences, al. Ignacego Jana Paderewskiego 35, 51-612 Wrocław, Poland
2
Department of Angiology, Hypertension and Diabetology, Wroclaw Medical University, Borowska 213, 50-556 Wrocław, Poland
3
WROVASC—An Integrated Cardiovascular Centre, Specialist District Hospital in Wroclaw, Centre for Research and Development, H. Kamieńskiego 73a, 51-124 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jerzy Malachowski, Adam Ciszkiewicz and Grzegorz Milewski
Symmetry 2021, 13(9), 1709; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13091709
Received: 31 July 2021 / Revised: 8 September 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 15 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry Applied in Biomechanics and Mechanical Engineering)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) level with kinetic and kinematic parameters of the gait pattern and force-velocity parameters generated by lower limb muscles. Methods: The study group consisted of 65 patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The ABI value, kinetic and kinematic parameters of gait and force-velocity parameters of knee and ankle extensors and flexors were determined in all subjects. The values obtained for right and left limbs as well as the limbs with higher and lower ABI were compared. Results: Regardless of the method of analysis, the values of the gait’s kinematic and kinetic parameters of both lower limbs did not differ significantly. However, significant differences were noted in the values of peak torque, work and power of the extensor muscles of the knee and the flexor muscles of the ankle with the higher and lower ABI. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that a higher degree of ischemia worsened the level of strength, endurance, and performance of ankle flexors and extensors of the knee joint. ABI is not related to the gait pattern. The above-mentioned relationship should be taken into account in the rehabilitation process and methodological assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: peripheral arterial disease; ankle-brachial index; gait; lower limb strength peripheral arterial disease; ankle-brachial index; gait; lower limb strength
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stefańska, M.; Bulińska, K.; Woźniewski, M.; Szuba, A.; Dziubek, W. Ankle-Brachial Index Is a Good Determinant of Lower Limb Muscular Strength but Not of the Gait Pattern in PAD Patients. Symmetry 2021, 13, 1709. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13091709

AMA Style

Stefańska M, Bulińska K, Woźniewski M, Szuba A, Dziubek W. Ankle-Brachial Index Is a Good Determinant of Lower Limb Muscular Strength but Not of the Gait Pattern in PAD Patients. Symmetry. 2021; 13(9):1709. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13091709

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stefańska, Małgorzata, Katarzyna Bulińska, Marek Woźniewski, Andrzej Szuba, and Wioletta Dziubek. 2021. "Ankle-Brachial Index Is a Good Determinant of Lower Limb Muscular Strength but Not of the Gait Pattern in PAD Patients" Symmetry 13, no. 9: 1709. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13091709

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