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Open AccessArticle

An Integrated Approach of Analytic Hierarchy Process and Triangular Fuzzy Sets for Analyzing the Park-and-Ride Facility Location Problem

1
Department of Transport Technology and Economics, Faculty of Transportation Engineering and Vehicle Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3, 1111 Budapest, Hungary
2
Department of Control for Transportation and Vehicle Systems, Faculty of Transportation Engineering and Vehicle Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3, 1111 Budapest, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2020, 12(8), 1225; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12081225
Received: 28 June 2020 / Revised: 21 July 2020 / Accepted: 23 July 2020 / Published: 26 July 2020
A park and ride (P&R) system is a set of facilities where private vehicle users can transfer to public transport to complete their journey. The main advantage of the system is reducing the congestions problem in the central business district (CBD). Thus, the notion of symmetry is particularly important in multi-criteria decision aid (MCDA) because they are basic characteristics of the binary relationships used in modelling the preferences of decision-makers. The focal point of this study is evaluating the P&R facility system location problem from the experts’ point of view. For this aim, an integrated multicriteria decision-making (MCDM) methodology is proposed to evaluate the location of the facilities of the P&R system. The questionnaire survey was designed and estimated by 10 transport experts in the related field. The famous analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was adopted in a fuzzy environment, where the fuzzy sets have an efficient ability to manage the vague concepts in a specific way; moreover, it can mitigate the evaluator reasoning during decision-making. The hierarchical structure of the problem was established to evaluate a real-life problem in Cuenca city, Ecuador. The outcomes highlighted the “accessibility of public transport” as the most significant issue in the P&R facility location problem. The obtained results provide more flexible facilities than the pure AHP method. View Full-Text
Keywords: park and ride (P& R); park and ride location; multicriteria decision-making; analytic hierarchy process; triangular fuzzy sets; transport planning park and ride (P& R); park and ride location; multicriteria decision-making; analytic hierarchy process; triangular fuzzy sets; transport planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ortega, J.; Tóth, J.; Moslem, S.; Péter, T.; Duleba, S. An Integrated Approach of Analytic Hierarchy Process and Triangular Fuzzy Sets for Analyzing the Park-and-Ride Facility Location Problem. Symmetry 2020, 12, 1225. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12081225

AMA Style

Ortega J, Tóth J, Moslem S, Péter T, Duleba S. An Integrated Approach of Analytic Hierarchy Process and Triangular Fuzzy Sets for Analyzing the Park-and-Ride Facility Location Problem. Symmetry. 2020; 12(8):1225. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12081225

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ortega, Jairo; Tóth, János; Moslem, Sarbast; Péter, Tamás; Duleba, Szabolcs. 2020. "An Integrated Approach of Analytic Hierarchy Process and Triangular Fuzzy Sets for Analyzing the Park-and-Ride Facility Location Problem" Symmetry 12, no. 8: 1225. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12081225

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