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Open AccessArticle

Concrete Based Jeffrey Nanofluid Containing Zinc Oxide Nanostructures: Application in Cement Industry

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Fundamental and Applied Science Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Perak 32610, Malaysia
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Department of Mathematics, City University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan
3
Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 72915, Vietnam
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Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Perak 32610, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2020, 12(6), 1037; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12061037
Received: 19 March 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 3 April 2020 / Published: 20 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Nanotechnology in Human Life)
Concrete is a non-Newtonian fluid which is a counterexample of Jeffrey fluid. The flow of Jeffrey fluid is considered containing nanostructures of zinc oxide in this study. The flow of the nanofluid is modeled in terms of partial fractional differential equations via Atangana–Baleanu (AB) fractional derivative approach and then solved using the integral transformation. Specifically, the applications are discussed in the field of concrete and cement industry. The variations in heat transfer rate and skin friction have been observed for different values of volume fractions of nanoparticles. The results show that by adding 4% Z n O nanoparticles increase skin friction up to 15%, ultimately enhancing the adhesion capacity of concrete. Moreover, Z n O increase the density of concrete, minimizing the pores in the concrete and consequently increasing the strength of concrete. The solutions are simplified to the corresponding solutions of the integer ordered model of Jeffrey-nanofluid. Applications of this work can be found in construction engineering and management such as buildings, roads, tunnels, bridges, airports, railroads, dams, and utilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: concrete; Jeffrey nanofluid; ZnO nanoparticles; channel flow; Atangana–Baleanue fractional derivative concrete; Jeffrey nanofluid; ZnO nanoparticles; channel flow; Atangana–Baleanue fractional derivative
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Sheikh, N.A.; Chuan Ching, D.L.; Khan, I.; Ahmad, A.; Ammad, S. Concrete Based Jeffrey Nanofluid Containing Zinc Oxide Nanostructures: Application in Cement Industry. Symmetry 2020, 12, 1037.

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