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Article

Self-Concept in China: Validation of the Chinese Version of the Five-Factor Self-Concept (AF5) Questionnaire

1
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibanez, 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Department of Methodology of the Behavioral Sciences, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibanez, 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2020, 12(5), 798; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12050798
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 28 April 2020 / Accepted: 7 May 2020 / Published: 11 May 2020
The principle of invariance is a mandatory methodological requirement for the psychological measures, even when items such as self-concept measures frequently present asymmetric heavy-tailed distributions. Few validated self-concept instruments can be applied in Eastern–Western cross-cultural studies. The Five-Factor Self-Concept Questionnaire (AF5) is one of the few psychometrically sound instruments used to assess multidimensional self-concept in Spanish-speaking samples. The availability of the AF5 in Spanish and Chinese would facilitate cross-cultural research. To validate the Chinese version of the AF5, we used multisample confirmatory factor analysis with transformed dichotomous scales from the median to compare four alternative theoretical models. The sample consisted of 2507 participants (52.3% women) from China (n = 1298) and Spain (n = 1209), ranging in age from 19 to 35. Analyses confirmed the five-factor structure of the Chinese AF5 (i.e., academic, social, emotional, family, and physical) compared to the Spanish sample. Moreover, the Chinese version of the AF5 was found to be invariant in terms of item-factor weights, factor variance, and between-factor covariance, compared to the original Spanish version. The findings from this first validation study indicate that the Chinese version of the AF5 is an acceptable measure for use with Chinese-speaking adolescents and young adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-concept; validation; confirmatory factor analyses; Chinese adolescents and young adults; asymmetric distributions self-concept; validation; confirmatory factor analyses; Chinese adolescents and young adults; asymmetric distributions
MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, F.; Garcia, O.F.; Fuentes, M.C.; Garcia-Ros, R.; Garcia, F. Self-Concept in China: Validation of the Chinese Version of the Five-Factor Self-Concept (AF5) Questionnaire. Symmetry 2020, 12, 798. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12050798

AMA Style

Chen F, Garcia OF, Fuentes MC, Garcia-Ros R, Garcia F. Self-Concept in China: Validation of the Chinese Version of the Five-Factor Self-Concept (AF5) Questionnaire. Symmetry. 2020; 12(5):798. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12050798

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Fangzhou, Oscar F. Garcia, Maria C. Fuentes, Rafael Garcia-Ros, and Fernando Garcia. 2020. "Self-Concept in China: Validation of the Chinese Version of the Five-Factor Self-Concept (AF5) Questionnaire" Symmetry 12, no. 5: 798. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12050798

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