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Article

Symmetric Performance Analysis for Mechanical Properties of Sustainable Asphalt Materials under Varying Temperature Conditions: An Application of DT and NDT Digital Techniques

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Technology, Multan 66000, Pakistan
2
Department of Civil Engineering, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology, Multan 66000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2020, 12(3), 433; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12030433
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 5 March 2020 / Accepted: 5 March 2020 / Published: 8 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry in Mechanical Engineering Ⅱ)
During the development of symmetric asphalt concrete material samples, aggregates play a vital role in the performance of its production. Shape characteristics and aggregates geology are two major factors influencing strength parameters of the asphalt concrete mix. In this study, two different geological sources of aggregates with different shape characterizations have been utilized for the development of the asphalt concrete mix. In addition to that, the stability analysis has been performed under different temperature conditions ranging between 25 and 60 °C. By the application of the destructive technique (DT) and non-destructive technique (NDT), the performance of the asphalt concrete mix has been analyzed and compared based on the geology of aggregates under various temperatures. Furthermore, a statistical model has been developed to analyze the stability and performance of the developed asphalt concrete mix with reference to regional climatic conditions. This study will help in the development of symmetric formation of sustainable asphalt materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: symmetry; mechanical properties; sustainability; materials; temperature symmetry; mechanical properties; sustainability; materials; temperature
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MDPI and ACS Style

Anwar, M.K.; Shah, S.A.R.; Sadiq, A.N.; Siddiq, M.U.; Ahmad, H.; Nawaz, S.; Javead, A.; Saeed, M.H.; Khan, A.R. Symmetric Performance Analysis for Mechanical Properties of Sustainable Asphalt Materials under Varying Temperature Conditions: An Application of DT and NDT Digital Techniques. Symmetry 2020, 12, 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12030433

AMA Style

Anwar MK, Shah SAR, Sadiq AN, Siddiq MU, Ahmad H, Nawaz S, Javead A, Saeed MH, Khan AR. Symmetric Performance Analysis for Mechanical Properties of Sustainable Asphalt Materials under Varying Temperature Conditions: An Application of DT and NDT Digital Techniques. Symmetry. 2020; 12(3):433. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12030433

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anwar, Muhammad Kashif, Syyed Adnan Raheel Shah, Abdullah Naveed Sadiq, Muhammad Usman Siddiq, Hassam Ahmad, Saqib Nawaz, Asif Javead, Muhammad Hasnain Saeed, and Ahsan Rehman Khan. 2020. "Symmetric Performance Analysis for Mechanical Properties of Sustainable Asphalt Materials under Varying Temperature Conditions: An Application of DT and NDT Digital Techniques" Symmetry 12, no. 3: 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12030433

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