Accurate optic disc (OD) and optic cup (OC) segmentation play a critical role in automatic glaucoma diagnosis. In this paper, we present an automatic segmentation technique regarding the OD and the OC for glaucoma assessment. First, the robust adaptive approach for initializing the level set is designed to increase the performance of contour evolution. Afterwards, in order to handle the complex OD appearance affected by intensity inhomogeneity, pathological changes, and vessel occlusion, a novel model that integrates ample information of OD with the effective local intensity clustering (LIC) model together is presented. For the OC segmentation, to overcome the segmentation challenge as the OC’s complex anatomy location, a novel preprocessing method based on structure prior information between the OD and the OC is designed to guide contour evolution in an effective region. Then, a novel implicit region based on modified data term using a richer form of local image clustering information at each point of interest gathered over a multiple-channel feature image space is presented, to enhance the robustness of the variations found in and around the OC region. The presented models symmetrically integrate the information at each point in a single-channel image from a multiple-channel feature image space. Thus, these models correlate with the concept of symmetry. The proposed models are tested on the publicly available DRISHTI-GS database and the experimental results demonstrate that the models outperform state-of-the-art methods.
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