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Open AccessArticle

A Monoclonal Antibody to Human DLK1 Reveals Differential Expression in Cancer and Absence in Healthy Tissues

by 1,2, 2 and 1,*
1
Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zürich), Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 2, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
2
Philochem AG, Libernstrasse 3, CH-8112 Otelfingen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ahuva Nissim
Antibodies 2015, 4(2), 71-87; https://doi.org/10.3390/antib4020071
Received: 18 November 2014 / Revised: 19 March 2015 / Accepted: 8 April 2015 / Published: 16 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibody Gene Libraries)
There is considerable interest in the characterization of novel tumor-associated antigens that lend themselves to antibody-mediated pharmacodelivery strategies. Delta-like 1 homolog protein (DLK1), which exists both as transmembrane protein and in soluble form, shows a restricted pattern of expression in healthy organs, while being overexpressed in some tumors. We have generated a human antibody specific to DLK1 using phage display technology. This reagent was used for a comprehensive characterization of DLK1 expression in freshly frozen sections of normal human adult tissues and of xenografted human tumors. DLK1 was virtually undetectable in most organs, except for placenta which was weakly positive. By contrast, DLK1 exhibited a moderate-to-strong expression in 8/9 tumor types tested. Our analysis shed light on previous conflicting reports on DLK1 expression in health and disease. The study suggests that DLK1 may be considered as a target for antibody-mediated pharmacodelivery strategies, in view of the protein’s limited expression in normal tissues and its abundance in the interstitium of neoplastic lesions. View Full-Text
Keywords: DLK1; antibody; phage display; immunostaining; small immune protein (SIP); pharmacodelivery; tumor targeting DLK1; antibody; phage display; immunostaining; small immune protein (SIP); pharmacodelivery; tumor targeting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bujak, E.; Ritz, D.; Neri, D. A Monoclonal Antibody to Human DLK1 Reveals Differential Expression in Cancer and Absence in Healthy Tissues. Antibodies 2015, 4, 71-87. https://doi.org/10.3390/antib4020071

AMA Style

Bujak E, Ritz D, Neri D. A Monoclonal Antibody to Human DLK1 Reveals Differential Expression in Cancer and Absence in Healthy Tissues. Antibodies. 2015; 4(2):71-87. https://doi.org/10.3390/antib4020071

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bujak, Emil; Ritz, Danilo; Neri, Dario. 2015. "A Monoclonal Antibody to Human DLK1 Reveals Differential Expression in Cancer and Absence in Healthy Tissues" Antibodies 4, no. 2: 71-87. https://doi.org/10.3390/antib4020071

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