Next Article in Journal
Differences in the Soil Quality Index for Two Contrasting Mediterranean Landscapes in Southern Spain
Next Article in Special Issue
Combining Tree Species Composition and Understory Coverage Indicators with Optimization Techniques to Address Concerns with Landscape-Level Biodiversity
Previous Article in Journal
The Value Assessment and Planning of Industrial Mining Heritage as a Tourism Attraction: The Case of Las Médulas Cultural Space
Previous Article in Special Issue
Typology of Climate Change Adaptation Measures in Polish Cities up to 2030
Article

Assessing the Impacts of Agriculture and Its Trade on Philippine Biodiversity

1
UCL Institute for Sustainable Resources, The Bartlett School of Environment, Energy, and Resources, Central House, 14 Upper Woburn Place, London WC1H 0NN, UK
2
Parabukas Pte., Inc. Singapore 051531, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(11), 403; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110403
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 12 October 2020 / Accepted: 21 October 2020 / Published: 23 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Adaptation and Biodiversity Conservation)
Many Philippine species are at risk of extinction because of habitat loss and degradation driven by agricultural land use and land-use change. The Philippines is one of the world’s primary banana and pineapple producers. The input-intensive style of plantation agriculture for these typically exported crops has many adverse effects on the environment. While global studies have attempted to understand the biodiversity impacts of agricultural goods, there are few studies that have investigated the Philippines specifically. In this study, Philippine policies and data are investigated to better characterize the nexus between agriculture, biodiversity, and trade. An analysis of key national policies highlights that more stringent definitions and protections for biodiversity are needed to recognize the increasing roles that agricultural production, and importantly, its global trade, have on threatened Philippine species. A geographical analysis shows that many banana and pineapple plantations in Mindanao and their surrounding agricultural impact zones overlap with ecologically important areas, such as Protected Areas and Important Bird Areas. Overlaps of recorded species occurrence are observed within the immediate zones surrounding 250 plantations for banana and pineapple in Mindanao, with 83 threatened species of Philippine fauna and tree at risk of exposure to the impacts of intensive agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiversity; banana; pineapple; agriculture; trade; protected areas; conservation; Philippines biodiversity; banana; pineapple; agriculture; trade; protected areas; conservation; Philippines
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ortiz, A.M.D.; Torres, J.N.V. Assessing the Impacts of Agriculture and Its Trade on Philippine Biodiversity. Land 2020, 9, 403. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110403

AMA Style

Ortiz AMD, Torres JNV. Assessing the Impacts of Agriculture and Its Trade on Philippine Biodiversity. Land. 2020; 9(11):403. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110403

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ortiz, Andrea M.D.; Torres, Justine N.V. 2020. "Assessing the Impacts of Agriculture and Its Trade on Philippine Biodiversity" Land 9, no. 11: 403. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110403

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop