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Appropriate Management Scale of Farmland and Regional Differences under Different Objectives in Shaanxi Province, China

College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
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Academic Editor: Marta Debolini
Land 2021, 10(3), 314; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030314
Received: 17 February 2021 / Revised: 14 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 19 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Land Use Planning/Land Planning)
Agricultural development is facing two problems: insufficient grain production and low profit of farmers. There is a contradiction between the government’s goal of increasing production and the farmer’s goal of increasing profit. Exploring the appropriate management scale of farmland under different objectives is of great significance to alleviate the conflict of interests between the government and farmers. In this study the Cobb-Douglas production function model was used to measure the appropriate management scale of farmland under different objectives in Shaanxi Province and analyze the regional differences. Under the two objectives, the appropriate management scale of the Loess Plateau was the largest in the three regions, followed by Qinba Mountains and Guanzhong Plain. Farmland area and quality were the main influencing factors for the appropriate management scale of farmland under the goal of maximizing the farmland yield, while the nonagricultural employment rate and farmland transfer rate were the main influencing factors under the goal of maximizing farmers’ profits. It is easy for Shaanxi Province to increase farmers’ profits, but more land needed to be transferred to increase farmland yield. These results suggest that in order to balance the goal of increasing yield and profit, the transfer of rural surplus labor should be promoted, and the nonagricultural employment rate should be improved. In Loess Plateau, restoring the ecological environment and enhancing the farmland quality. In Guanzhong Plain, avoiding urban land encroachment on farmland. In Qinba Mountains, developing farming techniques and moderately increasing the intensity of farmland exploit. View Full-Text
Keywords: appropriate management scale of farmland; production function model; farmland transferring; scale economy; Shaanxi Province appropriate management scale of farmland; production function model; farmland transferring; scale economy; Shaanxi Province
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Q.; Chen, Z.; Li, F. Appropriate Management Scale of Farmland and Regional Differences under Different Objectives in Shaanxi Province, China. Land 2021, 10, 314. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030314

AMA Style

Zhang Q, Chen Z, Li F. Appropriate Management Scale of Farmland and Regional Differences under Different Objectives in Shaanxi Province, China. Land. 2021; 10(3):314. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030314

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Qianxi; Chen, Zehui; Li, Fei. 2021. "Appropriate Management Scale of Farmland and Regional Differences under Different Objectives in Shaanxi Province, China" Land 10, no. 3: 314. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030314

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