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Article

The Prospects of Evolution of the Baseline Systems in the Arctic

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National Research University Higher School of Economics, 101000 Moscow, Russia
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Law firm LTD PKF Factor, 119192 Moscow, Russia
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Independent Researcher, Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street, 28-30, apt. 33, 123001 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wietske Medema
Water 2021, 13(8), 1082; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081082
Received: 11 February 2021 / Revised: 28 March 2021 / Accepted: 31 March 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
The article discusses the notion of “baselines” and the legal framework for drawing them, as well as the practice of drawing baselines, primarily by the coastal Arctic states. As a result of analysis, we make a suggestion that the existing system of baselines in the Arctic Ocean seas may evolve on the basis of international legal rules, with due account taken of the practice of applying them, and through the use of such a legal concept as “historic waters.” The article covers the interpretation of the concept of “historic waters” in various sources, indicating how this concept is used by different states to proclaim their rights to adjacent maritime areas on historical grounds. We have drawn on our extensive research and documents identified that may be used by the Russian Federation to expand its “historic waters” on the Arctic coast. At the same time, we have not aimed at making specific proposals on changing the location of the existing baselines or declaring new Arctic water areas “historic waters.” Rather, our objective was to comprehensively study the possibility of preparing such proposals. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal states; normal baselines; strait baselines; maritime territories; international practices of law application coastal states; normal baselines; strait baselines; maritime territories; international practices of law application
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MDPI and ACS Style

Morgunov, B.; Zhuravleva, I.; Melnikov, B. The Prospects of Evolution of the Baseline Systems in the Arctic. Water 2021, 13, 1082. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081082

AMA Style

Morgunov B, Zhuravleva I, Melnikov B. The Prospects of Evolution of the Baseline Systems in the Arctic. Water. 2021; 13(8):1082. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081082

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morgunov, Boris, Inna Zhuravleva, and Boris Melnikov. 2021. "The Prospects of Evolution of the Baseline Systems in the Arctic" Water 13, no. 8: 1082. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081082

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