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Effectiveness of Health Education Intervention on Water Sanitation and Hygiene Practice among Adolescent Girls in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council, Borno State, Nigeria: A Cluster Randomised Control Trial

1
Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor 43400, Malaysia
2
College of Nursing and Midwifery, Damboa Road, Maiduguri, Maiduguri 600252, Borno State, Nigeria
3
Department of Physical and Health Education, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri 600230, Borno State, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yung-Tse Hung
Water 2021, 13(7), 987; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070987
Received: 23 January 2021 / Revised: 30 March 2021 / Accepted: 1 April 2021 / Published: 3 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water and One Health)
Poor water sanitation and hygiene practice can be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The study aimed to determine the effectiveness of health education intervention using information, motivation and a behavioural skill model on water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practice among adolescent girls in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council, Borno State, Nigeria. A school-based cluster randomized control trial was conducted among 417 adolescent girls (10 to 19 years old) in four schools. The KoBo collect toolbox was used for data collection from October 2019 to March 2020. The chi-squared test was used to compare the baseline differences between intervention and control groups for WASH practice. A generalized estimating equation was used to assess changes from baseline, post intervention and follow up. There was significant interaction for WASH practice during follow up. Religion, place of residence, monthly income and occupation of mother had a statistically significant effect on WASH practice among adolescent girls. Findings revealed that this health education intervention was effective in improving water sanitation and hygiene practice among adolescent girls. Furthermore, religion, place of residence, monthly income and occupation of mother were found to be associated with water sanitation and hygiene practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; sanitation; hygiene; adolescent; KoBo collect; health education; intervention water; sanitation; hygiene; adolescent; KoBo collect; health education; intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Charles Shapu, R.; Ismail, S.; Ying Lim, P.; Ahmad, N.; Abubakar Njodi, I. Effectiveness of Health Education Intervention on Water Sanitation and Hygiene Practice among Adolescent Girls in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council, Borno State, Nigeria: A Cluster Randomised Control Trial. Water 2021, 13, 987. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070987

AMA Style

Charles Shapu R, Ismail S, Ying Lim P, Ahmad N, Abubakar Njodi I. Effectiveness of Health Education Intervention on Water Sanitation and Hygiene Practice among Adolescent Girls in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council, Borno State, Nigeria: A Cluster Randomised Control Trial. Water. 2021; 13(7):987. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070987

Chicago/Turabian Style

Charles Shapu, Ruth, Suriani Ismail, Poh Ying Lim, Norliza Ahmad, and Ibrahim Abubakar Njodi. 2021. "Effectiveness of Health Education Intervention on Water Sanitation and Hygiene Practice among Adolescent Girls in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council, Borno State, Nigeria: A Cluster Randomised Control Trial" Water 13, no. 7: 987. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070987

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