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Article

Water Security and River Basin Revitalization of the São Francisco River Basin: A Symbiotic Relationship

1
Center for Sustainable Development, University of Brasília, Asa Norte, 70904-970 Brasilia, Brazil
2
ICT, Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Évora, Rua Romão Ramalho 59, 7000-671 Évora, Portugal
3
Department of Ecology, Institute of Biological Sciences, and Center for Sustainable Development, University of Brasília, Asa Norte, 70904-970 Brasilia, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Karl-Erich Lindenschmidt and Skoulikidis Nikolaos
Water 2021, 13(7), 907; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070907
Received: 1 February 2021 / Revised: 5 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 26 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inland Aquatic Ecosystems and Conservation)
What is river basin revitalization’s place in relation to water security? This question is the basis of our reflection, posed to help in the understanding of the evolution of both concepts, taking management of the São Francisco River Basin (Brazil) as a case study. With this main objective in mind, a literature review was carried out, followed by the collection of survey data on the watershed’s revitalization program. In this context, the members of the São Francisco River Basin Committee (a total of 124 participants) were consulted, using questionnaires with the Delphi method. The respondents (a total of 47) chose the river basin revitalization strategy as the main measure to achieving water security in the São Francisco River Basin. They also highlighted the importance of the environmental dimension, underlining measures for conservation and restoration of the ecosystem’s natural functions. The concept map tool was adopted for a comparative perspective between conceptual implications of revitalization and water security for the studied river basin’s conservation. The results showed the existence of a symbiotic relationship between both concepts. Consequently, we conclude that it is urgent to reconcile water use and ecosystem ecological integrity through the comprehensive concept of water security. View Full-Text
Keywords: river basin committee; Delphi method; water management; river restoration; semi-arid; Brazil river basin committee; Delphi method; water management; river restoration; semi-arid; Brazil
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alves da Silva Rosa, L.; Morais, M.; Saito, C.H. Water Security and River Basin Revitalization of the São Francisco River Basin: A Symbiotic Relationship. Water 2021, 13, 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070907

AMA Style

Alves da Silva Rosa L, Morais M, Saito CH. Water Security and River Basin Revitalization of the São Francisco River Basin: A Symbiotic Relationship. Water. 2021; 13(7):907. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070907

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alves da Silva Rosa, Larissa, Manuela Morais, and Carlos H. Saito 2021. "Water Security and River Basin Revitalization of the São Francisco River Basin: A Symbiotic Relationship" Water 13, no. 7: 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13070907

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