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Open AccessArticle

Assessing the Impact of Partitioning on Optimal Installation of Control Valves for Leakage Minimization in WDNs

1
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile ed Architettura, Università di Pavia, Via Ferrata 3, 27100 Pavia, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Architettura, Università di Catania, Via Santa Sofia 64, 95123 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maria da Conceição Cunha, Angus Ross Simpson, Dimitri P. Solomatine, Gianfranco Becciu, Olivier Alain Piller, Raziyeh Farmani and Avi Ostfeld
Water 2021, 13(7), 1003; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13071003
Received: 16 February 2021 / Revised: 25 March 2021 / Accepted: 4 April 2021 / Published: 6 April 2021
This paper aims to assess the impact of partitioning on optimal installation of control valves for leakage minimization in water distribution networks (WDNs). The methodology used includes two main elements. The first element is a deterministic algorithm operating through the sequential addition of control valves, producing a Pareto front of optimal solutions in the trade-off between number of control valves installed and daily leakage volume, to be both minimized. The second element is a WDN partitioning algorithm based on the minimization of the transport function, for the partitioning of the WDN into a number of partitions equal to the number of WDN sources. The methodology is applied to two Italian WDNs with different characteristics. Due to variations in flow distribution induced by the partitioning, the valve locations optimally selected in the partitioned WDN prove slightly different from those in the unpartitioned WDN. Furthermore, the number of control valves being the same, better leakage reduction effects (up to 8%) are obtained in the partitioned WDN. View Full-Text
Keywords: water distribution; partitioning; valve; pressure; leakage; optimization water distribution; partitioning; valve; pressure; leakage; optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Creaco, E.; Castagnolo, D.; Pezzinga, G. Assessing the Impact of Partitioning on Optimal Installation of Control Valves for Leakage Minimization in WDNs. Water 2021, 13, 1003. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13071003

AMA Style

Creaco E, Castagnolo D, Pezzinga G. Assessing the Impact of Partitioning on Optimal Installation of Control Valves for Leakage Minimization in WDNs. Water. 2021; 13(7):1003. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13071003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Creaco, Enrico; Castagnolo, Dario; Pezzinga, Giuseppe. 2021. "Assessing the Impact of Partitioning on Optimal Installation of Control Valves for Leakage Minimization in WDNs" Water 13, no. 7: 1003. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13071003

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