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A Simple Method for the Control Time of a Pumping Station to Ensure a Stable Water Level Immediately Upstream of the Pumping Station under a Change of the Discharge in an Open Channel
Open AccessArticle

An Enhanced Treatment of Boundary Conditions for 2D RANS Streamwise Velocity Models in Open Channel Flow

1
Hidralab Ingeniería y Desarrollos, S.L., Spin-Off UCLM, Hydraulics Laboratory, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Av. Pedriza, Camino Moledores s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
2
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Av. Camilo José Cela s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Tritthart
Water 2021, 13(7), 1001; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13071001
Received: 5 March 2021 / Revised: 29 March 2021 / Accepted: 30 March 2021 / Published: 6 April 2021
A 2D streamwise velocity model based on the Reynolds Averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) is a useful approach to predict the boundary shear stress and the streamwise velocity in a free surface stream where secondary flows are not relevant. Boundary conditions treatment is a key aspect implementing these models. A low computational cost and fully predictive numerical model with a novel treatment of boundary conditions is presented. The main features of the modified model are the employment of a modified law of the wall valid for any roughness condition, the estimation of the boundary shear stress is done only focusing on the near-contour region, the use of a full-predictive physical based model for the eddy viscosity distribution and the incorporation of the free surface shear stress due to water–air interface. The validation of the proposed changes was performed with a substantial number of experimental cases available in the literature using different cross-section shapes (circular, rectangular, trapezoidal and compound section) and roughness condition with quite good agreement. Preliminary results suggest that the influence of the free surface boundary layer has a significant impact on the results for both the streamwise velocity and boundary shear stress in windy conditions. The proposed approach allows its considerations in practical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: boundary conditions; streamwise velocity; bed shear stress; free surface boundary layer; numerical modeling; hydraulic engineering boundary conditions; streamwise velocity; bed shear stress; free surface boundary layer; numerical modeling; hydraulic engineering
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MDPI and ACS Style

Figuérez, J.A.; Galán, Á.; González, J. An Enhanced Treatment of Boundary Conditions for 2D RANS Streamwise Velocity Models in Open Channel Flow. Water 2021, 13, 1001. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13071001

AMA Style

Figuérez JA, Galán Á, González J. An Enhanced Treatment of Boundary Conditions for 2D RANS Streamwise Velocity Models in Open Channel Flow. Water. 2021; 13(7):1001. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13071001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Figuérez, Juan A.; Galán, Álvaro; González, Javier. 2021. "An Enhanced Treatment of Boundary Conditions for 2D RANS Streamwise Velocity Models in Open Channel Flow" Water 13, no. 7: 1001. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13071001

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