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Review

Nature-Based Solutions and Real-Time Control: Challenges and Opportunities

1
Department of Hydraulic and Sanitation, EESC—University of São Paulo, São Carlos 13566-590, Brazil
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jean-luc Probst
Water 2021, 13(5), 651; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050651
Received: 24 December 2020 / Revised: 1 February 2021 / Accepted: 3 February 2021 / Published: 28 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water and the Ecosphere in the Anthropocene)
Nature-based solutions (NBS) as green infrastructures to urban drainage are an effective mitigation strategy both in terms of quantity and quality of runoff. Real-time control (RTC) can complement both flood mitigation and improvement of water quality by controlling elements of the drainage and sewage system. This study assessed the improvement opportunities with RTC of three NBS-related techniques commonly applied in urban drainage with different spatial scales: green roof, bioretention and detention basin and the remaining challenges to integrate both methods. Additionally, our investigations showed that the main difficulties reported involve the planning and monitoring stages of the RTC system. All of the studied devices can benefit from RTC. It is possible to observe that, despite the good results reported in the literature, the application of RTC to NBS studies on urban drainage are very recent. There are several opportunities that can be explored to optimize the performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: nature-based solutions; real-time control; urban resilience; water quality improvement nature-based solutions; real-time control; urban resilience; water quality improvement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brasil, J.; Macedo, M.; Lago, C.; Oliveira, T.; Júnior, M.; Oliveira, T.; Mendiondo, E. Nature-Based Solutions and Real-Time Control: Challenges and Opportunities. Water 2021, 13, 651. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050651

AMA Style

Brasil J, Macedo M, Lago C, Oliveira T, Júnior M, Oliveira T, Mendiondo E. Nature-Based Solutions and Real-Time Control: Challenges and Opportunities. Water. 2021; 13(5):651. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050651

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brasil, José, Marina Macedo, César Lago, Thalita Oliveira, Marcus Júnior, Tassiana Oliveira, and Eduardo Mendiondo. 2021. "Nature-Based Solutions and Real-Time Control: Challenges and Opportunities" Water 13, no. 5: 651. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050651

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