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Article

Use of the Hydraulic Model for the Operational Analysis of the Water Supply Network: A Case Study

Faculty of Infrastructure and Environment, Czestochowa University of Technology, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
Academic Editor: Inmaculada Pulido-Calvo
Water 2021, 13(3), 326; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030326
Received: 5 November 2020 / Revised: 21 January 2021 / Accepted: 24 January 2021 / Published: 28 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics and Hydrodynamics)
This paper presents an analysis of the operation of the water supply system. The analysed network provides water to six small towns. The water supply network covers rural areas of approximately 50 square kilometres with a total of 6130 inhabitants (2020). The area is characterised by relatively large differences in elevation. The water-pipe network supplies water mostly to family housing, public utility buildings, recreational buildings, service and craft entities, religious buildings, and commercial facilities and farms, including breeding farms. The network is supplied from one deep water well and a centrally located water supply tank. A hydraulic model was used for the analysis. The model was developed using the Epanet program, based on numerical and operational data. After validation, selected measurement points were used to calibrate the model. Furthermore, a series of simulations were performed to illustrate the network operation for variable water supply and demand conditions. Single-period analysis was used for modelling due to the type of data obtained. The model allowed for the determination of the head of pressure in the network points and flows in particular sections for the operation parameters studied. The analysis showed that at present, the network is not operating stably. In the case of average demand, water is supplied to all users, but there are areas in the network characterised by high pressure. On the other hand, during maximum water demand, due to the limited water supply to the water reservoir, from which most of the network is supplied, there are water deficiencies that cannot be compensated for by the operating pumping system. View Full-Text
Keywords: water supply network; hydraulic model; operational analysis water supply network; hydraulic model; operational analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kepa, U. Use of the Hydraulic Model for the Operational Analysis of the Water Supply Network: A Case Study. Water 2021, 13, 326. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030326

AMA Style

Kepa U. Use of the Hydraulic Model for the Operational Analysis of the Water Supply Network: A Case Study. Water. 2021; 13(3):326. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030326

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kepa, Urszula. 2021. "Use of the Hydraulic Model for the Operational Analysis of the Water Supply Network: A Case Study" Water 13, no. 3: 326. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030326

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