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Article

Inorganic Nitrogen Production and Removal along the Sediment Gradient of a Stormwater Infiltration Basin

by 1,†,‡, 1,* and 2
1
Soil and Water Sciences Department, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Wimauma, FL 33598, USA
2
Wetland Biogeochemistry Laboratory, Soil and Water Sciences Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Environmental Science and Technology Department, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.
Former Member of University of Florida.
Academic Editor: Peter Weiss
Water 2021, 13(3), 320; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030320
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 18 January 2021 / Accepted: 21 January 2021 / Published: 28 January 2021
Stormwater infiltration basins (SIBs) are vegetated depressions that collect stormwater and allow it to infiltrate to underlying groundwater. Their pollutant removal efficiency is affected by the properties of the soils in which they are constructed. We assessed the soil nitrogen (N) cycle processes that produce and remove inorganic N in two urban SIBs, with the goal of further understanding the mechanisms that control N removal efficiency. We measured net N mineralization, nitrification, and potential denitrification in wet and dry seasons along a sedimentation gradient in two SIBs in the subtropical Tampa, Florida urban area. Net N mineralization was higher in the wet season than in the dry season; however, nitrification was higher in the dry season, providing a pool of highly mobile nitrate that would be susceptible to leaching during periodic dry season storms or with the onset of the following wet season. Denitrification decreased along the sediment gradient from the runoff inlet zone (up to 5.2 μg N/g h) to the outermost zone (up to 3.5 μg N/g h), providing significant spatial variation in inorganic N removal for the SIBs. Sediment accumulating around the inflow areas likely provided a carbon source, as well as maintained stable anaerobic conditions, which would enhance N removal. View Full-Text
Keywords: stormwater infiltration basins; nitrogen; urban runoff; stormwater best management practices stormwater infiltration basins; nitrogen; urban runoff; stormwater best management practices
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MDPI and ACS Style

Si, Q.; Lusk, M.G.; Inglett, P.W. Inorganic Nitrogen Production and Removal along the Sediment Gradient of a Stormwater Infiltration Basin. Water 2021, 13, 320. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030320

AMA Style

Si Q, Lusk MG, Inglett PW. Inorganic Nitrogen Production and Removal along the Sediment Gradient of a Stormwater Infiltration Basin. Water. 2021; 13(3):320. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030320

Chicago/Turabian Style

Si, Qianyao, Mary G. Lusk, and Patrick W. Inglett. 2021. "Inorganic Nitrogen Production and Removal along the Sediment Gradient of a Stormwater Infiltration Basin" Water 13, no. 3: 320. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030320

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