In smart mariculture, traditional methods are not only difficult to adapt to the complex, dynamic and changeable environment in open waters, but also have many problems, such as poor accuracy, high time complexity and poor long-term prediction. To solve these deficiencies, a new water quality prediction method based on TCN (temporal convolutional network) is proposed to predict dissolved oxygen, water temperature, and pH. The TCN prediction network can extract time series features and in-depth data features by introducing dilated causal convolution, and has a good effect of long-term prediction. At the same time, it is predicted that the network can process time series data in parallel, which greatly improves the time throughput of the model. Firstly, we arrange the 23,000 sets of water quality data collected in the cages according to time. Secondly, we use the Pearson correlation coefficient method to analyze the correlation information between water quality parameters. Finally, a long-term prediction model of water quality parameters based on a time domain convolutional network is constructed by using prior information and pre-processed water quality data. Experimental results show that long-term prediction method based on TCN has higher accuracy and less time complexity, compared with RNN (recurrent neural network), SRU (simple recurrent unit), BI-SRU (bi-directional simple recurrent unit), GRU (gated recurrent unit) and LSTM (long short-term memory). The prediction accuracy can reach up to 91.91%. The time costs of training model and prediction are reduced by an average of 64.92% and 7.24%, respectively.
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