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Article

Optimal Regulation of the Cascade Gates Group Water Diversion Project in a Flow Adjustment Period

1
College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
3
College of Hydrology And Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Costanza Aricò
Water 2021, 13(20), 2825; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202825
Received: 8 September 2021 / Revised: 29 September 2021 / Accepted: 1 October 2021 / Published: 11 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydraulic Dynamic Calculation and Simulation Ⅱ)
This study focuses on the regulation demand of the cascade gates group water diversion project during the flow adjustment period. A multi-objective optimization regulation model was coupled with the one-dimensional hydrodynamic model and the multi-objective genetic algorithm. Gate opening was used as the decision variable to generate the local operation-oriented cascade gates group regulation scheme. This study considered the Shijiazhuang to Beijing section of the middle route of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project. The optimal operation model has a better control effect than the conventional control method, and the number of gate operations was reduced by 23.38%. The average water level deviation was less than 0.15 m when the feedforward control time of the cascade gates group water diversion project was not more than 24 h. The basic mechanism of maintaining water level stability during the short-term scheduling of the cascade gates group water diversion project makes use of the volume capacity, or the space of the channel pool adjacent to the water demand change position, in advance. The multi-objective optimal regulation model of the cascade gates group that was constructed in this study can quickly generate regulation schemes for different application scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: cascade gates group; flow adjustment period; feedforward control; one-dimensional hydrodynamic model; optimal regulation cascade gates group; flow adjustment period; feedforward control; one-dimensional hydrodynamic model; optimal regulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, J.; Zhang, Z.; Lei, X.; Yue, X.; Xiang, X.; Wang, H.; Ye, M. Optimal Regulation of the Cascade Gates Group Water Diversion Project in a Flow Adjustment Period. Water 2021, 13, 2825. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202825

AMA Style

Zhu J, Zhang Z, Lei X, Yue X, Xiang X, Wang H, Ye M. Optimal Regulation of the Cascade Gates Group Water Diversion Project in a Flow Adjustment Period. Water. 2021; 13(20):2825. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202825

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhu, Jie, Zhao Zhang, Xiaohui Lei, Xia Yue, Xiaohua Xiang, Hao Wang, and Mao Ye. 2021. "Optimal Regulation of the Cascade Gates Group Water Diversion Project in a Flow Adjustment Period" Water 13, no. 20: 2825. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202825

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