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Article

The Impact of Climate Change on Hydrological Regime of the Transboundary River Shu Basin (Kazakhstan–Kyrgyzstan): Forecast for 2050

1
Water, Land and Forest Resources Faculty Kazakhstan, National Agrarian Research University, Almaty City 050010, Kazakhstan
2
Water Resources Department, Vytautas Magnus University, 53361 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Condom
Water 2021, 13(20), 2800; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202800
Received: 18 August 2021 / Revised: 29 September 2021 / Accepted: 1 October 2021 / Published: 9 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
The impact of regional climate change on the runoff and the regime of glacier- and snow-fed rivers in the transboundary river Shu basin between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan is investigated. This study covered three of the most representative rivers of the Shu basin. It was based on the weather and gauging stations’ observation data in the river Shu basin — the northern Tien Shan. Based on the trend analysis, an increase in the average annual temperature and river discharge was identified within the observation period as a whole, and for the separate compared periods. Furthermore, the mean annual flow projections were made based on the methodology of the retrospective analysis of runoff and the rate of river flow increase for the observation period, and further extrapolation of data for the forecast period. According to the analysis, the mean annual flow for the considered rivers will be decreased by 25 to 30% on average by 2050. These findings are necessary for elaborating adaptation measures in water allocation for freshwater supply, irrigation and hydropower within this transboundary river. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; glacier-and snow-fed rivers; hydrological regime; forecast climate change; glacier-and snow-fed rivers; hydrological regime; forecast
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kaliyeva, K.; Punys, P.; Zhaparkulova, Y. The Impact of Climate Change on Hydrological Regime of the Transboundary River Shu Basin (Kazakhstan–Kyrgyzstan): Forecast for 2050. Water 2021, 13, 2800. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202800

AMA Style

Kaliyeva K, Punys P, Zhaparkulova Y. The Impact of Climate Change on Hydrological Regime of the Transboundary River Shu Basin (Kazakhstan–Kyrgyzstan): Forecast for 2050. Water. 2021; 13(20):2800. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202800

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kaliyeva, Karlygash, Petras Punys, and Yermekul Zhaparkulova. 2021. "The Impact of Climate Change on Hydrological Regime of the Transboundary River Shu Basin (Kazakhstan–Kyrgyzstan): Forecast for 2050" Water 13, no. 20: 2800. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202800

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