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Design of Land Application Systems for Water Reuse

Department of Civil, Environmental and Construction Engineering, Texas Tech University, 911 Boston, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
Academic Editors: William F. Ritter and Akintunde O. Babatunde
Water 2021, 13(15), 2120; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152120
Received: 12 May 2021 / Revised: 18 June 2021 / Accepted: 28 July 2021 / Published: 31 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Municipal Wastewater Treatment and Reuse for Irrigation)
Water reuse via land application is old technology; but the water balance only design approach and practice has not worked well. There are many benefits of water reuse by irrigating crops; however, there are some risks if not designed properly. When the design approach uses a combined water-nutrient-salt balance, the most effective and sustainable, long-term system is achieved. This approach provides a design based on land area requirements, on-site water storage, and economic return from the irrigated crops. The single, most often overlooked step in the water balance is accounting for the water stored in the soil. When spread over large areas, this quantity of water results in considerably less required surface water storage, which saves capital costs. This design approach has been used successfully on multiple sites for over 30 years without failure. View Full-Text
Keywords: wastewater; recycle; beneficial use; irrigation; mass balance wastewater; recycle; beneficial use; irrigation; mass balance
MDPI and ACS Style

Fedler, C.B. Design of Land Application Systems for Water Reuse. Water 2021, 13, 2120. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152120

AMA Style

Fedler CB. Design of Land Application Systems for Water Reuse. Water. 2021; 13(15):2120. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fedler, Clifford B. 2021. "Design of Land Application Systems for Water Reuse" Water 13, no. 15: 2120. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152120

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