Next Article in Journal
Correlation Analysis of Landscape Structure and Water Quality in Suzhou National Wetland Park, China
Previous Article in Journal
Monitoring Crop Evapotranspiration and Transpiration/Evaporation Partitioning in a Drip-Irrigated Young Almond Orchard Applying a Two-Source Surface Energy Balance Model
Article

River Basin Management Planning in the Republic of Ireland: Past, Present and the Future

1
Centre for Freshwater and Environmental Studies, Dundalk Institute of Technology, A91 K584 Dundalk, Ireland
2
Goyder Institute for Water Research, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fernando António Leal Pacheco
Water 2021, 13(15), 2074; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152074
Received: 15 June 2021 / Revised: 24 July 2021 / Accepted: 28 July 2021 / Published: 29 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
The River Basin Management Plan (RBMP) is an essential component of the European Union Water Framework Directive that details an integrated approach required to protect, improve and sustainably manage water resources. RBMP were intended to be produced for the periods 2009–2015, 2016–2021 and 2022–2027. However, after two years of delays in the development processes, the Republic of Ireland produced its first RBMP in 2010. The second RBMP cycle was also implemented in 2018 and is expected to run until the end of 2021 to give way to the third RBMP, whose consultation processes have been ongoing since December 2019. This paper contributes to the forthcoming RBMP by assessing stakeholders’ perspectives on the second RBMP through a desk-based review and by conducting interviews with nine institutions (14 interviewees). The qualitatively analysed interviews reveal a broad spectrum of actors associated with water management and governance in the Republic of Ireland through a three-tier governance structure that has been delivered (with amendment) through the first two RBMPs. Organisations such as the An Fóram Uisce|The Water Forum, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Local Authority Waters, and the Agricultural Sustainability Support and Advisory Programme have responsibilities designated in the RBMPs to deliver improved water quality, integrated catchment management, community engagement and awareness-raising. Trust has also been building up among these organisations and other agencies in the water sector. Despite these responsibilities and progress made, the interviews identified communication lapses, ineffective collaboration and coordination among stakeholders and late implementation to be hampering the successful delivery of the second RBMP, in addition to significant pressures acting on water bodies from agricultural activities and urban wastewater treatment. Towards the third RBMP, the paper concludes that optimised water sector finance, enhanced and well-resourced communications, and improved stakeholder collaboration are needed to foster effective and efficient water services delivery and quality. More so, given the cross-cutting impact of the Sustainable Development Goals on water resources and the interconnected relations among the goals, the paper further recommends the integration of the SDGs in the various plans of actions and a co-benefits approach to derive the triple benefits from biodiversity, climate change initiatives and water quality measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: water framework directive; River Basin Management Plan; water resource management; water governance; stakeholders water framework directive; River Basin Management Plan; water resource management; water governance; stakeholders
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Antwi, S.H.; Linnane, S.; Getty, D.; Rolston, A. River Basin Management Planning in the Republic of Ireland: Past, Present and the Future. Water 2021, 13, 2074. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152074

AMA Style

Antwi SH, Linnane S, Getty D, Rolston A. River Basin Management Planning in the Republic of Ireland: Past, Present and the Future. Water. 2021; 13(15):2074. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152074

Chicago/Turabian Style

Antwi, Sarpong H., Suzanne Linnane, David Getty, and Alec Rolston. 2021. "River Basin Management Planning in the Republic of Ireland: Past, Present and the Future" Water 13, no. 15: 2074. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152074

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop