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Article

Behaviors and Trends toward Routine Maintenance and Major Repairs of Afridev Handpumps in Rural Malawi

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
2
Engineers Without Borders UK, The Foundry, 17 Oval Way, London SE11 5RR, UK
3
Department of Accounting and Finance, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0QU, UK
4
Department Water Supply, Ministry of Forestry and Natural Resources, Lilongwe, Malawi
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefano Alvisi
Water 2021, 13(12), 1666; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121666
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 9 June 2021 / Accepted: 11 June 2021 / Published: 15 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Service provision for Afridev handpumps through community management in Malawi is a notable challenge. Essential preventative maintenance is often neglected, and repairs are undertaken on a reactive basis. The costs of major repairs are not recognized at community level and are typically neglected across the lifecycle of infrastructure or left to external stakeholders. The aim of this study was to investigate preventative maintenance and capital maintenance expenditure over the 15-year design lifecycle of 21,997 Afridev handpumps in Malawi, and how costs change based on different local tariff collection scenarios. A total of four tariff collection scenarios were investigated, for assets both subject and not subject to rehabilitation. The findings highlight poor initial capacity building into appropriate cost recovery and maintenance approaches. Major repair costs increase over the pump lifecycle when service consists of the replacement of low-cost, fast-wearing parts. Rehabilitation/major repair costs increase as a result but tend to be focused on simple longer-life components, such as pump rods. In both cases, a reliance on external support was highlighted, as larger costs are primarily covered by donors and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs). Proactive tariff scenarios may provide a greater capability of replacement throughout the lifecycle of major items when compared to reactive tariff scenarios. It is recommended that policy and practitioners should focus on capacity building of sustainable maintenance models that consider the full lifecycle costs of assets. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural water supply; community-based management; Afridev handpump; capital maintenance; Malawi; preventative maintenance; rural water tariff; lifecycle assessment rural water supply; community-based management; Afridev handpump; capital maintenance; Malawi; preventative maintenance; rural water tariff; lifecycle assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Truslove, J.P.; Coulson, A.B.; Mbalame, E.; Kalin, R.M. Behaviors and Trends toward Routine Maintenance and Major Repairs of Afridev Handpumps in Rural Malawi. Water 2021, 13, 1666. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121666

AMA Style

Truslove JP, Coulson AB, Mbalame E, Kalin RM. Behaviors and Trends toward Routine Maintenance and Major Repairs of Afridev Handpumps in Rural Malawi. Water. 2021; 13(12):1666. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121666

Chicago/Turabian Style

Truslove, Jonathan P., Andrea B. Coulson, Emma Mbalame, and Robert M. Kalin 2021. "Behaviors and Trends toward Routine Maintenance and Major Repairs of Afridev Handpumps in Rural Malawi" Water 13, no. 12: 1666. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121666

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