Next Article in Journal
Emerging Issues and Methodologies for Resilient and Robust Water Distribution Systems
Next Article in Special Issue
Influence of Farming Intensity and Climate on Lowland Stream Nitrogen
Previous Article in Journal
Earthquake-Induced Spring Discharge Modifications: The Pescara di Arquata Spring Reaction to the August–October 2016 Central Italy Earthquakes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Predicting the Trend of Dissolved Oxygen Based on the kPCA-RNN Model
Open AccessReview

How Can Decision Support Tools Help Reduce Nitrate and Pesticide Pollution from Agriculture? A Literature Review and Practical Insights from the EU FAIRWAY Project

1
ADAS Gleadthorpe, Meden Vale, Mansfield, Nottinghamshire NG20 9PD, UK
2
Danish Agriculture & Food Council F.m.b.A., SEGES, Agro Food Park 15, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
3
Agri-Environment Branch, Agri-Food and Bioscience Institute (AFBI), Newforge Lane, Belfast BT9 5PX, Northern Ireland, UK
4
Chamber of Agriculture of the Federal State of Lower Saxony, Helene-Künne-Allee 5, 38122 Braunschweig, Germany
5
ADAS Boxworth, Battlegate Road, Boxworth, Cambridge CB23 4NN, UK
6
Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres (BRGM), 3 avenue Claude Guillemin, BP 36009, CEDEX 2, 45060 Orleans, France
7
Wageningen Environmental Research, Droevendaalsesteeg 3, 67808 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(3), 768; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12030768
Received: 30 January 2020 / Revised: 28 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published: 11 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Use and Water Quality)
The FAIRWAY project reviewed approaches for protecting drinking water from nitrate and pesticide pollution. A comprehensive assessment of decision support tools (DSTs) used by farmers, advisors, water managers and policy makers across the European Union as an aid to meeting CAP objectives and targets was undertaken, encompassing paper-based guidelines, farm-level and catchment level software, and complex research models. More than 150 DSTs were identified, with 36 ranked for further investigation based on how widely they were used and/or their potential relevance to the FAIRWAY case studies. Of those, most were farm management tools promoting smart nutrient/pesticide use, with only three explicitly considering the impact of mitigation methods on water quality. Following demonstration and evaluation, 12 DSTs were selected for practical testing at nine diverse case study sites, based on their pertinence to local challenges and scales of interest. Barriers to DST exchange between member states were identified and information was collected about user requirements and attitudes. Key obstacles to exchange include differences in legislation, advisory frameworks, country-specific data and calibration requirements, geo-climate and issues around language. Notably, DSTs from different countries using the same input data sometimes delivered very different results. Whilst many countries have developed DSTs to address similar problems, all case study participants were able to draw inspiration from elsewhere. The support and advice provided by skilled advisors was highly valued, empowering end users to most effectively use DST outputs. View Full-Text
Keywords: DST; software; model; drinking water; diffuse pollution; catchment management; farm management; farm advisors DST; software; model; drinking water; diffuse pollution; catchment management; farm management; farm advisors
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nicholson, F.; Krogshave Laursen, R.; Cassidy, R.; Farrow, L.; Tendler, L.; Williams, J.; Surdyk, N.; Velthof, G. How Can Decision Support Tools Help Reduce Nitrate and Pesticide Pollution from Agriculture? A Literature Review and Practical Insights from the EU FAIRWAY Project. Water 2020, 12, 768.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop