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Approaches to Multi-Objective Optimization and Assessment of Green Infrastructure and Their Multi-Functional Effectiveness: A Review
Review

Green Infrastructure as an Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategy—A Review

1
College of Engineering and Science, Victoria University, P.O. Box 14428, Melbourne, VIC 8001, Australia
2
Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities, Victoria University, P.O. Box 14428, Melbourne, VIC 8001, Australia
3
Department of Land Surveying and Geo-Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(12), 3577; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123577
Received: 11 November 2020 / Revised: 13 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 20 December 2020
Research on urban heat mitigation has been growing in recent years with many of the studies focusing on green infrastructure (GI) as a strategy to mitigate the adverse effects of an urban heat island (UHI). This paper aims at presenting a review of the range of findings from GI research for urban heat mitigation through a review of scientific articles published during the years 2009–2020. This research includes a review of the different types of GI and its contribution for urban heat mitigation and human thermal comfort. In addition to analysing different mitigation strategies, numerical simulation tools that are commonly used are also reviewed. It is seen that ENVI-met is one of the modelling tools that is considered as a reliable to simulate different mitigation strategies and hence has been widely used in the recent past. Considering its popularity in urban microclimate studies, this article also provides a review of ENVI-met simulation results that were reported in the reviewed papers. It was observed that the majority of the research was conducted on a limited spatial scale and focused on temperature and human thermal comfort. View Full-Text
Keywords: green infrastructure; urban heat island; human thermal comfort; modelling tools; ENVI-met green infrastructure; urban heat island; human thermal comfort; modelling tools; ENVI-met
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MDPI and ACS Style

Balany, F.; Ng, A.W.; Muttil, N.; Muthukumaran, S.; Wong, M.S. Green Infrastructure as an Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategy—A Review. Water 2020, 12, 3577. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123577

AMA Style

Balany F, Ng AW, Muttil N, Muthukumaran S, Wong MS. Green Infrastructure as an Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategy—A Review. Water. 2020; 12(12):3577. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123577

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balany, Fatma, Anne W. Ng, Nitin Muttil, Shobha Muthukumaran, and Man S. Wong 2020. "Green Infrastructure as an Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategy—A Review" Water 12, no. 12: 3577. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123577

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