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Open AccessArticle

Flash Flood Risk Perception by the Population of Mindelo, S. Vicente (Cape Verde)

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CEGOT (Centre of Studies on Geography and Spatial Planning), RISCOS, University of Coimbra, 3004-530 Coimbra, Portugal
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Department of Geography and Tourism, CEGOT (Centre of Studies on Geography and Spatial Planning), University of Coimbra, 3004-530 Coimbra, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(9), 1895; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091895
Received: 26 July 2019 / Revised: 27 August 2019 / Accepted: 3 September 2019 / Published: 11 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
São Vicente Island (Republic of Cape Verde) lies within the Sahelian zone and faces several natural hazards, one of which is flash flooding. With the purpose of understanding what factors determine flash flood risk perception, a questionnaire entitled Flash Flood Hazard Perception in Cape Verde was applied to 199 subjects. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to identify the primary factors associated with the perception of flash flood risk. Differences between different groups under the same impact factor were also compared. The results indicated that certain socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents (gender, level of education, and type of housing) and prior experience correlated with flash flood risk perception. The study also shows statistical differences between the groups. In general, males and the respondents with a high level of education, homeowners, and people with prior experience have better perception of the flash flood risk. These findings can help decision makers to improve effective flash flood risk communication policies and flood risk reduction strategies.
Keywords: risk perception; flash floods; São Vicente Island; Cape Verde risk perception; flash floods; São Vicente Island; Cape Verde
MDPI and ACS Style

Martins, B.; Nunes, A.; Lourenço, L.; Velez-Castro, F. Flash Flood Risk Perception by the Population of Mindelo, S. Vicente (Cape Verde). Water 2019, 11, 1895.

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