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Article

The Influence of Channel Morphological Changes on Environmental Flow Requirements in Urban Rivers

1
Anhui Provincial Academy of Environmental Science, Hefei 230071, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Xinjiekouwai Street, Beijing 100875, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(9), 1800; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091800
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 17 August 2019 / Accepted: 20 August 2019 / Published: 29 August 2019
Previous research on environmental flows (e-flows) of urban rivers usually assumes that the channel morphology is fixed. However, due to the trapping of sediments by weirs, the channel morphology will undergo significant changes. In this research, the influence of channel morphological changes on e-flow requirements is explored in urban rivers. The hydrological connectivity is considered as a primary factor in e-flows, and three hydrological connectivity scenarios (i.e., high, medium, and low) are explored. The Shiwuli River is adopted as the case study. The results show that e-flows are significantly influenced by changes in river morphology. With an increase in siltation depth, the e-flow requirements will decrease. The sensitivity of e-flows to siltation varies among different river segments, especially in those with low weir heights. In addition, the change ratios of e-flows are different under different hydrological connectivity scenarios. Although siltation is beneficial to the satisfaction degree of e-flow supply, it also leads to a decrease in the flood control ability of rivers. The balance between e-flow and flood reduction is also discussed, and river segments are identified that should be the priority when adopting dredging measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: sediment; morphology; environmental flow; river sediment; morphology; environmental flow; river
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Yuan, B.; Yin, X.; Zhao, Y. The Influence of Channel Morphological Changes on Environmental Flow Requirements in Urban Rivers. Water 2019, 11, 1800. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091800

AMA Style

Zhang L, Yuan B, Yin X, Zhao Y. The Influence of Channel Morphological Changes on Environmental Flow Requirements in Urban Rivers. Water. 2019; 11(9):1800. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091800

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Liu, Buxian Yuan, Xinan Yin, and Yanwei Zhao. 2019. "The Influence of Channel Morphological Changes on Environmental Flow Requirements in Urban Rivers" Water 11, no. 9: 1800. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091800

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