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Fuzzy Logic Analysis of the Build, Capacity Build and Transfer (B-CB-T) Modality for Urban Water Supply Service Delivery in Ethiopia

1
Water Supply and Sanitation Regional Adviser, East and Southern Africa, UNICEF, UNON, Nairobi P.O. Box 44145-00100, Kenya
2
Water Supply and Sanitation Section, Addis Ababa P.O. Box 1169, Ethiopia
3
Water Supply and Sanitation Section, Lilongwe P.O. Box 30375, Malawi
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(5), 979; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11050979
Received: 14 March 2019 / Revised: 15 April 2019 / Accepted: 29 April 2019 / Published: 10 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Water Management)
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Abstract

Rapid urbanization in Ethiopia is resulting in the need for alternative sustainable service models for urban water supply. Contractual arrangements to improve the functionality of urban water services in Ethiopia have included build, operate and transfer (BOT), design, build and operate (DBO), performance-based contracts (PBC) and utility development. UNICEF undertook a review of these modalities and concluded that a modified version of the BOT modality was required to both incentivize private sector engagement in urban water supply and to enhance public sector utilities. This paper describes the contractual modality developed to achieve this aim, namely an Ethiopian build, capacity build and transfer (B-CB-T) modality. This paper tests the applicability of the B-CB-T model using fuzzy logic statistical analysis and concludes that of the four tested variables (internal accountability, external accountability, operation and maintenance and financial management), the most statistically significant was the clear mandate to address complaints and maintain a positive relationship with the clients (users). This paper concludes that the B-CB-T is an effective contracting modality that should be accompanied by appropriate behavior change and social mobilization outreach to maximize tariff, billing, extension and performance of the infrastructure that is administered within the B-CB-T arrangement. View Full-Text
Keywords: build, capacity build and transfer (B-CB-T); BOT; risk factors; fuzzy logic approach; urban water supply; civil engineering contract; procurement; sustainability build, capacity build and transfer (B-CB-T); BOT; risk factors; fuzzy logic approach; urban water supply; civil engineering contract; procurement; sustainability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Godfrey, S.; Asmare, G.; Gossa, T.; Paba, M. Fuzzy Logic Analysis of the Build, Capacity Build and Transfer (B-CB-T) Modality for Urban Water Supply Service Delivery in Ethiopia. Water 2019, 11, 979.

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