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FLIAT, An Object-Relational GIS Tool for Flood Impact Assessment in Flanders, Belgium

1
Department of Geography, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
2
European Environment Agency, 1050 Copenhagen, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(4), 711; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11040711
Received: 11 February 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 10 March 2019 / Published: 6 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Water Management)
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Abstract

Floods can cause damage to transportation and energy infrastructure, disrupt the delivery of services, and take a toll on public health, sometimes even causing significant loss of life. Although scientists widely stress the compelling need for resilience against extreme events under a changing climate, tools for dealing with expected hazards lag behind. Not only does the socio-economic, ecologic and cultural impact of floods need to be considered, but the potential disruption of a society with regard to priority adaptation guidelines, measures, and policy recommendations need to be considered as well. The main downfall of current impact assessment tools is the raster approach that cannot effectively handle multiple metadata of vital infrastructures, crucial buildings, and vulnerable land use (among other challenges). We have developed a powerful cross-platform flood impact assessment tool (FLIAT) that uses a vector approach linked to a relational database using open source program languages, which can perform parallel computation. As a result, FLIAT can manage multiple detailed datasets, whereby there is no loss of geometrical information. This paper describes the development of FLIAT and the performance of this tool. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood impact assessment tool (FLIAT); vector approach; parallel computation; disruption potential; urban floods; flood damage assessment; open source program languages flood impact assessment tool (FLIAT); vector approach; parallel computation; disruption potential; urban floods; flood damage assessment; open source program languages
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Van Ackere, S.; Beullens, J.; Vanneuville, W.; De Wulf, A.; De Maeyer, P. FLIAT, An Object-Relational GIS Tool for Flood Impact Assessment in Flanders, Belgium. Water 2019, 11, 711.

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