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Effectiveness of Nitrification and Denitrification Processes in Biofilters Treating Wastewater from De-Icing Airport Runways

Department of Environment Engineering, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Warszawska 117a, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
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Water 2019, 11(3), 630; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030630
Received: 6 February 2019 / Revised: 21 March 2019 / Accepted: 21 March 2019 / Published: 26 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water and Wastewater Treatment)
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Abstract

The basic factors determining the efficiency of the removal of nitrogen and carbon compounds from airport wastewater containing de-icing agents are low temperature and the C/N ratio (carbon to nitrogen ratio). Biofilm reactors (biofilters) create better conditions for nitrification and denitrification than suspended biomass reactors. The scope of the study included determination of the influence of the C/N ratio in the wastewater on nitrification, denitrification and organic compound removal in biofilm reactors depending on the temperature. The experiment was performed in 24 circular laboratory biofilters with LECA (Light Expanded Clay Aggregates) filling. The study was divided into three series differing in organic carbon loading. In each series, carried out at the same hydraulic retention time, biofilters were operated at 25, 8, 4 or 0 °C. The study showed the effective removal of nitrogen compounds across a very wide temperature range. The applied filling and properly selected operating parameters of the reactors resulted in effective simultaneous nitrification and denitrification. The highest efficiency of nitrogen removal at 0 °C (34.57 ± 4.54%) was obtained at the C/N ratio of 0.5 gC/gN. The efficiency of denitrification (the lowest at the temperature of 0 °C) increased as the temperature and C/N ratio increased in the wastewater. View Full-Text
Keywords: pavement de-icing agents; biofilters; LECA (Light Expanded Clay Aggregates); nitrogen and carbon removal; nitrification and denitrification pavement de-icing agents; biofilters; LECA (Light Expanded Clay Aggregates); nitrogen and carbon removal; nitrification and denitrification
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Rodziewicz, J.; Ostrowska, K.; Janczukowicz, W.; Mielcarek, A. Effectiveness of Nitrification and Denitrification Processes in Biofilters Treating Wastewater from De-Icing Airport Runways. Water 2019, 11, 630.

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