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Diversity of Bacteria in Lakes with Different Chlorophyll Content and Investigation of Their Respiratory Activity through a Long-Term Microcosm Experiment

Department of Biological Applications and Technology, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
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Water 2019, 11(3), 467; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030467
Received: 10 January 2019 / Revised: 14 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 5 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from HydroMediT 2018)
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Abstract

Bacterial community structure and metabolism are critical factors for ecosystem functioning since they affect remineralization of nutrients and carbon flow. We used Illumina sequencing of 16SrRNA V3-V4 regions to investigate whether bacterial assemblage composition differs between four samples from two lakes in the geographic region of Epirus (Greece) characterized by distinct oligotrophic to eutrophic/hypereutrophic conditions as revealed by chlorophyll-a values. We found high similarity (>60%) for bacterial assemblages recovered from the two lakes when eutrophic/hypereutrophic conditions prevailed. Distinct bacterial communities appeared in oligotrophic and mesotrophic waters. Low temperature was occasionally an important factor in shaping the bacterial community. In parallel, microcosm experiments were performed to estimate respiration rates of bacterioplankton at in situ temperature and under a 2 °C temperature increase scenario. Differently assembled communities were found to display similar rates except under hypereutrophic conditions when respiration increased significantly, leading to hypoxic conditions. Temperature increase did not affect respiration rates. Overall this study indicated a clear differentiation of bacterial communities between sites of different trophic state. However, different communities responded similarly under a specific range of chlorophyll-a values and resisted small scale temperature perturbations. Different results were found for hypereutrophic conditions and this has implications for ecosystems functioning, given the increasing occurrence of eutrophication events. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacteria; diversity; respiration; lakes; temperature; trophic status; chlorophyll bacteria; diversity; respiration; lakes; temperature; trophic status; chlorophyll
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Karayanni, H.; Macingo, S.C.; Tolis, V.; Alivertis, D. Diversity of Bacteria in Lakes with Different Chlorophyll Content and Investigation of Their Respiratory Activity through a Long-Term Microcosm Experiment. Water 2019, 11, 467.

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