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Investigating Spatial and Temporal Variation of Hydrological Processes in Western China Driven by CMADS

1
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Xinjiang University (XJU), Urumqi 830046, China
2
Department of Geography, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832000, Xinjiang, China
3
China Institute of Water Resource and Hydropower Research (IWHR), Beijing 100038, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(3), 435; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030435
Received: 28 December 2018 / Revised: 13 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 28 February 2019
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Abstract

The performance of hydrological models in western China has been restricted due to the scarcity of meteorological observation stations in the region. In addition to improving the quality of atmospheric input data, the use hydrological models to analyze Hydrological Processes on a large scale in western China could prove to be of key importance. The Jing and Bortala River Basin (JBR) was selected as the study area in this research. The China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT model (CMADS) is used to drive SWAT model, in order to greatly improve the accuracy of SWAT model input data. The SUFI-2 algorithm is also used to optimize 26 sensitive parameters within the SWAT-CUP. After the verification of two runoff observation and control stations (located at Jing and Hot Spring) in the study area, the temporal and spatial distribution of soil moisture, snowmelt, evaporation and precipitation were analyzed in detail. The results show that the CMADS can greatly improve the performance of SWAT model in western China, and minimize the uncertainty of the model. The NSE efficiency coefficients of calibration and validation are controlled between 0.659–0.942 on a monthly scale and between 0.526–0.815 on a daily scale. Soil moisture will reach its first peak level in March and April of each year in the JBR due to the snow melting process in spring in the basin. With the end of the snowmelt process, precipitation and air temperature increased sharply in the later period, which causes the soil moisture content to fluctuate up and down. In October, there was a large amount of precipitation in the basin due to the transit of cold air (mainly snowfall), causing soil moisture to remain constant and increase again until snowmelt in early spring the following year. This study effectively verifies the applicability of CMADS in western China and provides important scientific and technological support for the spatio-temporal variation of soil moisture and its driving factor analysis in western China. View Full-Text
Keywords: CMADS; SWAT; JBR; soil moisture; hydrological processes; spatio-temporal CMADS; SWAT; JBR; soil moisture; hydrological processes; spatio-temporal
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Li, Y.; Wang, Y.; Zheng, J.; Yang, M. Investigating Spatial and Temporal Variation of Hydrological Processes in Western China Driven by CMADS. Water 2019, 11, 435.

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