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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Terrestrial and Marine Landforms along the Cilento Coastland (Southern Italy): A Framework for Landslide Hazard Assessment and Environmental Conservation

1
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
2
Department of Sciences and Technologies, University of Sannio, 82100 Benevento, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(12), 2618; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11122618
Received: 24 September 2019 / Revised: 26 November 2019 / Accepted: 30 November 2019 / Published: 12 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscapes and Landforms of Terrestrial and Marine Areas)
This study shows the terrestrial and marine landforms present along the Cilento coast in the southern part of the Campania region (Italy). This coast is characterized by the alternation of bays, small beaches, and rocky headlands. In the adjacent submerged areas, there is a slightly inclined platform that has a maximum width of 30 km to the north, while it narrows in the south to approximately 6 km. A wide variety of landforms are preserved in this area, despite the high erodibility of the rocks emerging from the sea and the effects of human activities (construction of structures and infrastructures, fires, etc.). Of these landforms, we focused on those that enabled us to determine Quaternary sea-level variations, and, more specifically, we focused on the correlation between coastal and sea-floor topography in order to trace the geomorphological evolution of this coastal area. For this purpose, the Licosa Cape and the promontory of Ripe Rosse located in northern Cilento were used as reference areas. Methods were used that enabled us to obtain a detailed digital cartography of each area and consequently to apply physical-based coastal evolution models. We believe that this approach would provide a better management of coastal risk mitigation which is likely to become increasingly important in the perspective of climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal geomorphology; submarine geomorphology; cliffs; sea-level changes; Cilento; southern Italy coastal geomorphology; submarine geomorphology; cliffs; sea-level changes; Cilento; southern Italy
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Guida, D.; Valente, A. Terrestrial and Marine Landforms along the Cilento Coastland (Southern Italy): A Framework for Landslide Hazard Assessment and Environmental Conservation. Water 2019, 11, 2618.

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