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Open AccessArticle

Strategies, Processes, and Results for the Future Water Supply of the Växjö Municipality: Evaluation of an Evidence-Based Case Study of Long-Term Strategies within the Water and Wastewater Sector in Sweden

1
Department of Construction Engineering and Lighting Science, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, 551 11 Jönköping, Sweden
2
Division of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2150; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102150
Received: 10 July 2019 / Revised: 2 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 16 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Urban Water Services)
In 2009, the Bergaåsen Water Supply Scheme was put into operation to ensure the future drinking water supply of two municipalities in southern Sweden. Bergaåsen replaced two vulnerable water treatment plants. It was implemented in an environment that was characterized by sensitive recipients and limited access to water. This article aims to analyze how strategies were developed to meet sustainability requirements, if this solution has ensured good quantity and high quality after ten years of operation, and the extent of the project’s economic impact on consumers. The project was analyzed as an evidence-based case study using semi-structured interviews, surveys, and document analyses. The study found that the chosen options succeeded in guaranteeing outstanding quality and secure delivery. Over 90% of water users were satisfied and had trust in it, and less than 3% were dissatisfied. The design time for withdrawal capacity has been extended from 30 to 50 years through planned measures. The study clarifies also that, due to some externalities, there has been virtually no economic impact on users. Bergaåsen is a clear case for the value of developing long-term strategies and implementing them in real life. View Full-Text
Keywords: Artificial recharge; groundwater sources; long-term planning; municipal water supply; water strategies; Växjö municipality in Sweden Artificial recharge; groundwater sources; long-term planning; municipal water supply; water strategies; Växjö municipality in Sweden
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MDPI and ACS Style

Najar, N.; Persson, K.M. Strategies, Processes, and Results for the Future Water Supply of the Växjö Municipality: Evaluation of an Evidence-Based Case Study of Long-Term Strategies within the Water and Wastewater Sector in Sweden. Water 2019, 11, 2150. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102150

AMA Style

Najar N, Persson KM. Strategies, Processes, and Results for the Future Water Supply of the Växjö Municipality: Evaluation of an Evidence-Based Case Study of Long-Term Strategies within the Water and Wastewater Sector in Sweden. Water. 2019; 11(10):2150. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102150

Chicago/Turabian Style

Najar, Nasik; Persson, Kenneth M 2019. "Strategies, Processes, and Results for the Future Water Supply of the Växjö Municipality: Evaluation of an Evidence-Based Case Study of Long-Term Strategies within the Water and Wastewater Sector in Sweden" Water 11, no. 10: 2150. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102150

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