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Open AccessArticle

Development of a Heterogeneity Analysis Framework for Collaborative Sponge City Management

1
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
School of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Nan Yang Institute of Technology, Nan Yang 473306, China
3
Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
4
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 1995; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101995
Received: 29 August 2019 / Revised: 19 September 2019 / Accepted: 21 September 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
Rapid urbanization, inappropriate urban planning and the changing climate in many countries have resulted in flooding, water shortage and water pollution around the world. Although the sponge city concept has been applied in both macro-scales and micro-scales to address those challenges, research on the heterogeneity of different cities for sponge city construction and the collaborative management between cities is insufficient. Therefore, this paper proposes a multivariate cluster analysis framework and conducts an empirical study using 96 Chinese cities. By considering the local infrastructure, economic development, water resource distribution, water quality and precipitation characteristics in each city, and integrating the principal component analysis and a self-organizing feature mapping network, this paper shows the potential of regional and interregional sponge city collaborative management. This will provide an opportunity for developing a new sponge city management mechanism and will promote the establishment of multi-functional departments for urban flood control and water quality improvement. View Full-Text
Keywords: sponge city; principal component analysis; self-organizing feature mapping; heterogeneity sponge city; principal component analysis; self-organizing feature mapping; heterogeneity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, B.; Dong, S.L.; Huang, Y.F.; Wang, G.Q. Development of a Heterogeneity Analysis Framework for Collaborative Sponge City Management. Water 2019, 11, 1995. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101995

AMA Style

Li B, Dong SL, Huang YF, Wang GQ. Development of a Heterogeneity Analysis Framework for Collaborative Sponge City Management. Water. 2019; 11(10):1995. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101995

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Bing; Dong, Shou L.; Huang, Yue F.; Wang, Guang Q. 2019. "Development of a Heterogeneity Analysis Framework for Collaborative Sponge City Management" Water 11, no. 10: 1995. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11101995

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