Next Article in Journal
A Review of In-Situ and Remote Sensing Technologies to Monitor Water and Sanitation Interventions
Next Article in Special Issue
Soil Moisture, Grass Production and Mesquite Resprout Architecture Following Mesquite Above-Ground Mortality
Previous Article in Journal
H3PO4-Activated Cattail Carbon Production and Application in Chromium Removal from Aqueous Solution: Process Optimization and Removal Mechanism
Previous Article in Special Issue
Plant Harvesting Impacts on Soil Water Patterns and Phenology for Shrub-encroached Grassland
Open AccessArticle

Single Session of Chiseling Tillage for Soil and Vegetation Restoration in Severely Degraded Shrublands

1
Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, Yotvata 88820, Israel
2
Israel Nature and Parks Authority, Southern District, Beer Sheva 84215, Israel
3
Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, Microbial Metagenomics Division, Masada 86900, Israel
4
Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(6), 755; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060755
Received: 10 May 2018 / Revised: 4 June 2018 / Accepted: 7 June 2018 / Published: 9 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecohydrology of Woodlands and Savannas)
While tillage of agricultural lands has been used extensively, its utilization for restoring degraded semi-natural lands is rare. This study was conducted in the arid southern Israel in a shrubland which has faced severe degradation processes over time, including soil erosion and compaction, and negation of vegetation recovery. In 2014, research plots were established for assessing the impact of a single chiseling session on the ecosystem’s restoration capacity. The study treatments included deep chiseling (35 cm), shallow chiseling (20 cm), and control (no-tillage). Data on spontaneously-established vegetation was collected one, two, and three years after the plots’ establishment, and soil data was collected once—three years after the plots’ establishment. Assessments of the vegetation parameters revealed a general similarity between the two chiseling treatments, which were generally better than those of the no-till plots. The soil properties revealed generally greater soil quality under the two chiseling treatments than that under the control plots, and a somewhat better soil quality for the deep chiseling than that for the shallow chiseling. Overall, results of this study show that in severely degraded lands, self-restoration processes are hindered, negating the effectiveness of passive restoration practices, and necessitating active intervention practices to stimulate restoration processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: available water capacity; central Negev; microbial biomass and activity; microtopography and geodiversity; plant cover; soil aeration; soil moisture content; soil roughness; organic carbon; species richness and diversity available water capacity; central Negev; microbial biomass and activity; microtopography and geodiversity; plant cover; soil aeration; soil moisture content; soil roughness; organic carbon; species richness and diversity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Stavi, I.; Siegal, Z.; Drori, B.; Hyams, E.; Shafir, A.; Kamiski, Y.; Al-Ashhab, A.; Dorman, M.; Tsoar, A. Single Session of Chiseling Tillage for Soil and Vegetation Restoration in Severely Degraded Shrublands. Water 2018, 10, 755. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060755

AMA Style

Stavi I, Siegal Z, Drori B, Hyams E, Shafir A, Kamiski Y, Al-Ashhab A, Dorman M, Tsoar A. Single Session of Chiseling Tillage for Soil and Vegetation Restoration in Severely Degraded Shrublands. Water. 2018; 10(6):755. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060755

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stavi, Ilan; Siegal, Zehava; Drori, Ben; Hyams, Eran; Shafir, Amir; Kamiski, Yevgeni; Al-Ashhab, Ashraf; Dorman, Michael; Tsoar, Asaf. 2018. "Single Session of Chiseling Tillage for Soil and Vegetation Restoration in Severely Degraded Shrublands" Water 10, no. 6: 755. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060755

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop