Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Historical Flood Risk to the Groundwater Regime: Case Study of the Kolubara Coal Basin, Serbia
Next Article in Special Issue
Long-Term Infiltration Performance Evaluation of Dutch Permeable Pavements Using the Full-Scale Infiltration Method
Previous Article in Journal
Hydrogeological Properties Estimation from Groundwater Level Natural Fluctuations Analysis as a Low-Cost Tool for the Mexicali Valley Aquifer
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Long-Term Hydrological Performance of Permeable Pavement Systems in Northern Spain: An Approach to the “End-of-Life” Concept
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Version is current.

Open AccessArticle

Hydraulic Performance of Lined Permeable Pavement Systems in the Built Environment

Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, DK-1958 Frederiksberg, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(5), 587;
Received: 29 November 2017 / Revised: 20 April 2018 / Accepted: 23 April 2018 / Published: 1 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Permeable Pavements and Their Role in Sustainable Urban Development)
PDF [2333 KB, uploaded 4 May 2018]


The hydraulic performance of permeable pavement (PP) systems has been well demonstrated when based on full or partial on-site infiltration, while there is only limited research on lined PP systems built to provide detention and volume reduction by evaporation only. In this study, we tested the performance of commercially available PP components when constructed as lined PP systems with un-throttled discharge to explore basic hydraulic function in a real-life-setting. Four types of PP surface products and three types of sub-base aggregates were tested in six unique combinations, built as side-by-side parking lots into an existing parking area, each stall having a size of 25 m2 and 0.5 m of depth with individual lining. Based on 12 months of monitoring precipitation and discharge from each stall, total volume reduction ranged from 3% to 37%. Analysis of up to 22 single events, representing return periods of up to two years, revealed marked detention capacities, expressed as median volume reduction of 40%, spanning 27–69% and median lag time of 1:38 h, spanning 0:39–3:16 h, across all stalls. The considerable range in hydraulic properties can be ascribed to both surface and sub-base properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate adaptation; detention; retention; SCM; storage capacity; storm water; SUDS climate adaptation; detention; retention; SCM; storage capacity; storm water; SUDS

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Støvring, J.; Dam, T.; Jensen, M.B. Hydraulic Performance of Lined Permeable Pavement Systems in the Built Environment. Water 2018, 10, 587.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top