Next Article in Journal
Indicator Values of Emergent Vegetation in Overgrowing Lakes in Relation to Water and Sediment Chemistry
Next Article in Special Issue
Hydraulic Performance of Lined Permeable Pavement Systems in the Built Environment
Previous Article in Journal
A Study on the Comparison of Corrosion in Water Supply Pipes Due to Tap Water (TW) and Reclaimed Water (RW)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Characterization of the Infiltration Capacity of Porous Concrete Pavements with Low Constant Head Permeability Tests
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Water 2018, 10(4), 497; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10040497

The Long-Term Hydrological Performance of Permeable Pavement Systems in Northern Spain: An Approach to the “End-of-Life” Concept

1
Department of Construction and Manufacturing Engineering, Polytechnic School of Mieres, University of Oviedo, Calle Gonzalo Gutiérrez Quirós s/n, 33600 Mieres, Spain
2
Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience (CAWR), Coventry University, Ryton Gardens, Wolston Lane, Coventry CV8 3LG, UK
3
GITECO Research Group, School of Civil Engineering, University of Cantabria, Avenida de los Castros, 39005 Santander, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 3 April 2018 / Accepted: 15 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Permeable Pavements and Their Role in Sustainable Urban Development)
Full-Text   |   PDF [38521 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Porous mixtures and Interlocking Concrete Block Pavements (ICBP) are the most widely used surfaces in Permeable Pavement Systems (PPS). Despite the fact that there are many studies based on the hydrological performance of PPS, there are few long-term studies that identify the end of life of PPS regarding their hydrological performance. A field study has been developed over 10 years in the experimental car park “Las Llamas” in the city of Santander, Northern Spain. Permeability was measured in 37 car park bays (nine Polymer-Modified Porous Concrete, nine Porous Asphalt, and 17 ICBP of two different designs). Tests were conducted under the Spanish Standard NLT-327/00 for the porous-mixture surfaces and the ASTM methods C1701/C1701M-17a and C1781/C1781M-15 for porous mixtures and ICBP, respectively. No maintenance was carried out in this car park since it was opened to traffic in 2008, allowing for the assessment and identification of the hydrological failure of each surface. The research showed that after 10 years of operation without maintenance, the bays constructed using porous mixtures were completely clogged, reaching the end of their operational life after nine years. However, ICBP maintained high infiltration rates, showing better resilience to sediment clogging. Further research is needed to confirm the evolution of ICBP surfaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: clogging; concrete blocks; field study; monitoring; porous concrete; porous asphalt; permeameter; resilience; Sustainable Drainage Systems; Stormwater Best Management Practices clogging; concrete blocks; field study; monitoring; porous concrete; porous asphalt; permeameter; resilience; Sustainable Drainage Systems; Stormwater Best Management Practices
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sañudo-Fontaneda, L.A.; Andres-Valeri, V.C.; Costales-Campa, C.; Cabezon-Jimenez, I.; Cadenas-Fernandez, F. The Long-Term Hydrological Performance of Permeable Pavement Systems in Northern Spain: An Approach to the “End-of-Life” Concept. Water 2018, 10, 497.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top