Computational Determination of Air Valves Capacity Using CFD Techniques
AbstractThe analysis of transient flow is necessary to design adequate protection systems that support the oscillations of pressure produced in the operation of motor elements and regulation. Air valves are generally used in pressurized water pipes to manage the air inside them. Under certain circumstances, they can be used as an indirect control mechanism of the hydraulic transient. Unfortunately, one of the major limitations is the reliability of information provided by manufacturers and vendors, which is why experimental trials are usually used to characterize such devices. The realization of these tests is not simple since they require an enormous volume of previously stored air to be used in such experiments. Additionally, the costs are expensive. Consequently, it is necessary to develop models that represent the behaviour of these devices. Although computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques cannot completely replace measurements, the amount of experimentation and the overall cost can be reduced significantly. This work approaches the characterization of air valves using CFD techniques, including some experimental tests to calibrate and validate the results. A mesh convergence analysis was made. The results show how the CFD models are an efficient alternative to represent the behavior of air valves during the entry and exit of air to the system, implying a better knowledge of the system to improve it. View Full-Text
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García-Todolí, S.; Iglesias-Rey, P.L.; Mora-Meliá, D.; Martínez-Solano, F.J.; Fuertes-Miquel, V.S. Computational Determination of Air Valves Capacity Using CFD Techniques. Water 2018, 10, 1433.
García-Todolí S, Iglesias-Rey PL, Mora-Meliá D, Martínez-Solano FJ, Fuertes-Miquel VS. Computational Determination of Air Valves Capacity Using CFD Techniques. Water. 2018; 10(10):1433.Chicago/Turabian Style
García-Todolí, Salvador; Iglesias-Rey, Pedro L.; Mora-Meliá, Daniel; Martínez-Solano, F. J.; Fuertes-Miquel, Vicente S. 2018. "Computational Determination of Air Valves Capacity Using CFD Techniques." Water 10, no. 10: 1433.
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