Next Article in Journal
Computational Determination of Air Valves Capacity Using CFD Techniques
Previous Article in Journal
Artificial Neural Networks for Predicting the Water Retention Curve of Sicilian Agricultural Soils
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2018, 10(10), 1432; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10101432

Regulatory Challenges for the Use of Reclaimed Water in Mexico: A Case Study in Baja California

Doctorado en Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo, Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Carretera Transpeninsular Ensenada-Tijuana, No. 3917, Fraccionamiento Playitas, C.P. 22860 Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2018 / Revised: 9 October 2018 / Accepted: 10 October 2018 / Published: 12 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
Full-Text   |   PDF [9631 KB, uploaded 12 October 2018]   |  

Abstract

In Mexico, water planning is based on the National Water Law, the core of which is Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). The municipality provides wastewater treatment and reuse, and an integrated approach is mandatory for these processes. However, a traditional (non-integrated) management regime has prevailed in water legislation, resulting in pollution and the inefficient use of water. The objectives of this research were to analyze the Mexican legal framework and international guidelines in the use of reclaimed water for agricultural irrigation and environmental discharges, and to evaluate challenges facing reclaimed water in the Maneadero Valley, Baja California, as a case study. Results show that wastewater reuse was implemented in the absence of integrative planning and assessment of the potential impacts on the environment and public health. In addition, gaps between decisions linked to the legal attributes of the relevant institutions were identified. Defined roles across the three levels of authority, transparent and congruent funding, coherent water-quality requirements and the strengthening of stakeholder participation are needed to adopt integrated water resource management for reclaimed water use. The alignment of common goals on public health, environmental protection and agricultural development between authorities and the different sectors is crucial to bridge these challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: reclaimed water; water planning; integrated water resource management (IWRM); legal framework; legal and management instruments reclaimed water; water planning; integrated water resource management (IWRM); legal framework; legal and management instruments
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gilabert-Alarcón, C.; Salgado-Méndez, S.O.; Daesslé, L.W.; Mendoza-Espinosa, L.G.; Villada-Canela, M. Regulatory Challenges for the Use of Reclaimed Water in Mexico: A Case Study in Baja California. Water 2018, 10, 1432.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top