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Atmosphere 2018, 9(11), 431; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9110431

Influence of the Antarctic Oscillation on the South Atlantic Convergence Zone

Department of Physics, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria 97105900, Brazil
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Received: 17 June 2018 / Revised: 27 October 2018 / Accepted: 3 November 2018 / Published: 7 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Weather and Climate Extremes: Current Developments)
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Abstract

The South Atlantic convergence zone (SACZ) is the main summer-typical atmospheric phenomenon occurring in South America, and it is of great interest because it regulates the rainy season in the most populated regions of Brazil. Frequency variability, persistence, and geographical position of the SACZ and its relationship with intraseasonal variability is well described in the literature. However, the influence of extratropical forcing on the SACZ is not well understood. Consequently, the aim of this study is to evaluate the role of the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) in SACZ events. The persistence and frequencies of SACZ events, mean, standard deviation of total precipitation per event, lag composite of daily precipitation and geopotential height anomalies were obtained for each phase of the AAO. Therefore, frequency, persistence and total precipitation of SACZ events were higher in positive AAO (AAO+) than negative AAO (AAO−). A teleconnection mechanism between the extratropics and the SACZ region is evident in AAO+, through intensification of the polar and subtropical jets, in the days preceding SACZ. The same was not observed in the AAO−, where the anomalies were confined in the subtropical region and displaced to the South Atlantic Ocean. View Full-Text
Keywords: South Atlantic convergence zone; Antarctic Oscillation; Southern Annular Mode; precipitation variability; tropical-extratropical interaction; Brazil; precipitation anomalies South Atlantic convergence zone; Antarctic Oscillation; Southern Annular Mode; precipitation variability; tropical-extratropical interaction; Brazil; precipitation anomalies
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Rosso, F.V.; Boiaski, N.T.; Ferraz, S.E.T.; Robles, T.C. Influence of the Antarctic Oscillation on the South Atlantic Convergence Zone. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 431.

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